Bison bone farming tools.
The Heerwald site in Custer county is one of the larger excavated
Wichita sites known for this time period. On the bank of Turkey
Creek, the site is bisected by I-40 west of Clinton. Covering
more than 40 acres, the site had at least 10-15 houses and
more than 100 people living there at any one time. This is
just an estimate since only about 5% of the site has been
investigated. The actual number of houses may have been much
The Heerwald site people farmed corn, beans and squash and
hunted bison. Bison provided meat, hides, grease and farming
tools made from the bone. The corn fields stretching along
Turkey Creek provided rich harvests in good years when ample
rain fell at the right season. Big, bottom-flared pits held
the harvested corn for winter and next year's seed.