The Brewer site is believed to have been one of the earlier
villages (with semi-permanent inhabitants) in the area. Numerous
pits were uncovered at the site. They were used by the Brewer
site occupants as storage pits for grain and crop seed.
The pottery sherds (pieces of broken pottery) found at the
Brewer site reveal much about this time period in Oklahoma's
prehistory known to archeologists as the Paoli
Phase. Earlier, Woodland pottery was thick and rugged,
suitable for a mobile lifestyle. Large pots, like the one
at the right, were cooking vessels; their cone-shaped bases
resisted cracking in the heat of a campfire.
Other pots from the Brewer site, though, have different shapes
and show that the people who lived there were becoming more
settled. This pottery was thinner with flat bases and small,
constricted necks and was probably used for storing grain.
The descendants of the Brewer site people established large
farming villages all along the Canadian and Washita rivers
with extensive fields. The Brewer site is interesting because
the people who lived there were among the earliest farmers
in the area.
Reconstructed cordmarked pot
from the Brewer site