Clay lined hearth from Lawrence Site
Some time around 2700 years ago, though, the camp became
a more permanent home with small houses. The hunters from
this time began using a new technology, the bow and arrow.
The wild game and gathered plants were baked in rock ovens
In the winter time, the people of the Lawrence site left
the river terrace and moved up into rock shelters which could
more easily be kept warm. The Lawrence people also used rock
shelters to bury the dead.
By 2500 years ago, the Lawrence site was abandoned. People
had lived repeatedly at the site for over a thousand years.
The descendants of the Lawrence site people did not disappear,
however. They continued living in the area, but their culture
had changed over time as they began to take up the beginnings
of farming, learned to make pottery and began to use the bow
and arrow almost exclusively.
For further reading, consult:
Middle Holocene Archeology in Northeastern Oklahoma
by William L. Neal and Richard R. Drass (Oklahoma Anthropological
Society Bulletin 47, 1998).
The Lawrence Site, Nw-6: A Non-ceramic Site in Nowata County
by Jane Baldwin (Bulletin of the Oklahoma. Oklahoma Anthropological
Society Bulletin 18 1969).