The Rose-Fast Site
Burned rock feature from the
The Rose-Fast site is a Woodland period base camp
on a terrace in a bend of the Little River. Excavations at the site
in 1985 uncovered several burned rock features which probably represent
rock ovens and a trash pit. One radiocarbon date from the site returned
a date of AD 400; however, the number of artifacts found from the
site probably indicates the site was occupied over hundreds of years.
The site was reported to the Oklahoma Archeological
Survey by the landowner who had an extensive collection of artifacts
from the site. He allowed archaeologists to photograph his collection
(see the arrowpoints in the figure below) and also allowed them
to conduct the 1985 excavation as part of a study of the archaeology
of the Cross Timbers area of the Little River valley.
The Woodland period (AD 1 to 1000) is marked by the
beginning of the use of pottery and the appearance of the bow and
arrow which gradually supplanted the spear as the weapon of choice
of prehistoric hunters. The few pottery sherds recovered in the
excavations at Rose-Fast were a thick, cordmarked ware common to
the period. Both arrowpoints and dart points are found in abundance
at the site, probably another indication of the site's long occupation.
No evidence of horticulture was found at the site.
While Woodland period people east of Oklahoma were tending gardens
of sunflowers and other native domesticated plants, it seems likely
that horticulture did not become common in Oklahoma until around
AD 1000. However, the Rose-Fast site occupants did gather wild plants
as evidenced by the charred hickory nut shells found in the excavated
trash pit. Unfortunately, preservation of organic remains at the
site is very poor due to the sandy, slightly acidic soil so some
burned deer and bison bone and the nutshells are the only evidence
of the Rose-Fast diet which have survived.
Shaped mussel shell ornaments
Scallorn arrowpoints from
the Rose-Fast site.
Number of Prehistoric Sites in Pottawatomie
County Identified to Time Period