The Roulston-Rogers Site
Excavators at the Raulston-Rogers (SM-20)
In May, 1972, the Oklahoma
Anthropological Society held its annual Spring Dig at the Roulston-Rogers
site in Seminole County. An amateur archeologist and Society member
first reported the site to the Oklahoma Archeological Survey in
1971. At the site, he found stone dart points and other evidence
of a camp occupied by pre-pottery, pre-bow and arrow people from
the late Archaic period (probably sometime 2,000-4,000 years ago).
Not much was known from this period in central Oklahoma and so the
site was chosen for excavation.
The Roulston-Rogers site is located on a sandy ridge
overlooking Little River about 12 miles upstream from its confluence
with the South Canadian. This is the Cross
Timbers area, a transition zone from eastern forests to western
grasslands. Eight burned sandstone concentrations were excavated,
in some areas to a depth of almost four feet.
Rock hearth at SM-20
Several of the rock concentrations were small circular
hearths. The larger rock concentrations could not be positively
identified although they may have been used as large stone ovens.
Although the sandy soil does not preserve organic material very
well, charred pecan and walnut hulls were recovered.
Analysis of the excavated material revealed that people
had lived at Roulston-Rogers for many thousand years. The earliest
inhabitants hunted with spears and darts and gathered wild grains
and nuts. Later people used pottery to store and cook food and hunted
with bow and arrow. This Woodland adaptation with the use of pottery
and bow and arrow was actually little changed from the preceding
Late Archaic period.
Dart (lower row) and arrow (top row)
points from SM-20.
Most stone tools recovered from the Roulston-Rogers
site were chipped from Frisco chert quarried from near Fittstown
in Pontotoc County southeast of the site. It is likely that the
Roulston-Rogers campsite and the Frisco
quarries were part of regular seasonal stops for the people
who called this area home.