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Jeffrey F. Kelly

College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Biology, The University of Oklahoma website wordmark
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Dr. Jeff Kelly

Jeffrey F. Kelly

Professor of Biology
Director, Oklahoma Biological Survey
Associate Heritage Zoologist, Oklahoma Biological Survey

Ph.D., Colorado State University
M.S., Oklahoma State University
B.S., University of Maine
405-325-2440 (Phone)
405-325-7702 (Fax)
OBS 140

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My research interests center on the ecology and conservation of migrant birds. I am fascinated by the way these animals’ life histories depend on environments at continental and hemispheric scales. The unique combination of their relatively small size (10 to 20g) and long distance movements also make these migrants fantastic sensors of the environment and potentially very valuable real-time indicators of our impact on the environment at large spatial scales. My current research is summarized on my

We have come a long way in our understanding of migration since it was believed that swallows wintered at the bottoms of lakes and that robins wintered in tree stumps. Yet, we are still a long ways from the kind of understanding of songbird migration that will let us develop effective conservation plans that can be used forecast and mitigate the impacts of human induced land cover and climate change on the distribution and abundance of migrants. The central limitation to our understanding of the population ecology of migrant birds is our inability to track them through their annual cycle.

There has been impressive advancement of tracking technology, however it is still not possible to track the movements of and averaged size bird for an entire annual cycle with very good accuracy and precision. Most of my work centers on advancing our technological capability to understand the seasonal movements so that we can better understand the connections among the phases of the annual cycle for songbirds. I think that quantitative understanding of these connections will be fundamental to improving our ability to conserve species of long distance migrants. To obtain this understanding we use intrinsic markers of geography (i.e., marker birds carry with them (genetics, and stable isotopes), extrinsic markers (i.e., tags we put on birds such as bands and light-level geolocators), as well as passive tracking methods like radar. While each of these technologies is advancing at different paces a major challenge is integrating information across these methods to improve our understanding of the annual cycle of migrants.


  • Frick, WF, JR Shipley, P Heady, KM Kay, and JF Kelly. 2014. Seasonal reliance on nectar by an insectivorous bat revealed by stable isotopes. Oecologia. doi: 10.1007/s00442-013-2771-z

  •  Kelly, JF, PB Chilson, ES Bridge and WF Frick. 2013. Energetics of and Abundant Aerial Insectivore: The Purple Martin. PLoS ONE 8(9): e76616.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076616

  • Rundel, CW, MB Wunder, AH Alvarado, KC Ruegg, R Harrigan, A Schuh, JF Kelly, RB Siegel, DF DeSante, TB Smith, J Novembre. 2013. Novel statistical methods for integrating genetic and stable isotopic data to infer individual-level migratory connectivity.  Molecular Ecology doi: 10.1111/mec.12393.

  • Contina, A, ES. Bridge, NS Seavy, JM Duckles, and JF Kelly.  2013. Using geologgers to investigate bimodal isotope patterns in Painted Buntings (Passerina ciris). Auk 130:265-272.

  • Shipley, JR, A Contina, N Batbayar, ES Bridge, AT Peterson, and JF Kelly. 2013. Niche conservatism and disjunct populations: a case study with Painted Buntings (Passerina ciris). Auk 130:476-486.

  • Kelly, JF, JR Shipley, PB Chilson, KW Howard, WF Frick and TH Kunz. 2012. Quantifying animal phenology in the aerosphere at a continental scale using NEXRAD weather radars. Ecosphere 3(2):16.
  • Chilson, PB, ES Bridge, WF Frick, JW Chapman, and JF Kelly. 2012. Radar aeroecology: exploring the movements of aerial fauna through radio-wave remote sensing. Biology Letters 8: 698–701

  • Chilson, PB, WF Frick, PM Stepanian, JR Shipley, TH Kunz, and JF Kelly. 2012. Estimating animal densities in the aerosphere using weather radar: To Z or not to Z? Ecosphere 3(7):72.

  • Frick WF, PM Stepanian, JF Kelly, KW Howard, CM Kuster and Chilson, PB. 2012. Climate and weather impact timing of emergence of bats. PLoS ONE 7(8):e42737.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042737
  • Chilson, PB, WF Frick, JF Kelly, KW Howard, RP Larkin, RH Diehl, JK Westbrook, TA Kelly, TH Kunz. 2011. Partly cloudy with a chance of migration: weather, radars, and aeroecology. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. doi:10.1175/BAMS_D11-00099.1

  • Bridge, ES, K Thorup, MS Bowlin, PB Chilson, RH Diehl, RW Fléron, P Hartl, R Kays, JF Kelly, WD Robinson, M Wikelski. 2011. Technology on the move: Recent and forthcoming innovations for tracking migratory birds. Bioscience 61:689-698.

  • Patten, MA and JF Kelly. 2010. Habitat selection and the perceptual trap. Ecological Applications. DOI: 10.1890/09- 2370