Technology in Culture: A-F

A

Aalborg (Denmark)
Abu Hureyra
Accidents
Accounting
ACE (Computer)
Acid Rain
Acoustics
Adhesives and Adhesives Industry
Advertising
Adzes
Aerodynamics
Aeronautical Engineering ( see Engineering, Aeronautical )
Aeronautical Engineers ( see Engineers, Aeronautical )
Aeronautical Museums ( see Museums, Aeronautical )
Aeronautics
Aeronautics and Art
Aeronautics and Literature
Aeronautics, Commercial
Aeronautics, Military
Aerospace Industry
Aerospace Museums ( see Museums, Aerospace )
Africa
Afro-Americans
Agrarian Ideal
Agrarian Movement
Agribusiness
Agricultural Buildings
Agricultural Education ( see Education, Agricultural )
Agricultural Engineering ( see Engineering, Agricultural )
Agricultural Equipment
Agricultural Literature
Agricultural Machinery
Agricultural Museums ( see Museums, Agricultural )
Agricultural Policy
Agricultural Productivity
Agricultural Rents
Agricultural Research
Agricultural Research Stations
Agricultural Technology
Agriculture ( see Sections I.14; II.14; III.14; IV.14; V.14. see also: )
Air Bases
Air Cargo Industry
Air Commerce Act
Air Conditioning
Air Cushion Vehicles
Air Pollution
Air Traffic Control
Air Warfare
Airbrakes
Aircraft ( see Section I.8.3 (See-reference no longer used, 1990- ) )
Aircraft Carriers
Aircraft Cockpits
Aircraft Engines
Aircraft Industry
Aircraft Landing Gear
Aircraft Landing Systems
Aircraft Manufacturing Company
Aircraft, Amphibian
Aircraft, Commercial
Aircraft, Jet
Aircraft, Military
Aircraft, Rocket
Aircraft, Rotary Winged
Aircraft, Stealth
Aircraft, Supersonic
Aircraft, Tailless
Aircraft, Vertically Rising
Aircraft, Wooden
Airframes
Airline Industry
Airports
Airships
Airshows
Aix-en-Provence
Alaska Highway
Alchemy
Alcohol
Alcohol, Ethyl
Algeria
Alkali
Alkali Industry
Alleys
Almonds and Almond Industry
Alphabet
Alternating Current
Alum Mines and Mining
Aluminum and Aluminum Industry
Amalgamated Textile Workers of America
Amber and Amber Industry
Ambrotype
Ambulances
American Indians
American Society of Civil Engineers
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
American System
American Telephone and Telegraph Company (Firm) ( see also:American Telephone and Telegraph Company (used 1987-1995) )
Amish
Ammonia and Ammonia Industry
Ammonium Chloride
Amphibious Vehicles
Amphibious Warfare
Amphitheaters
Amplifiers
Amplifiers, Differential
Amusements
Anarchism
Anchors
Anchors, Stone
Androids
Aniline
Animal Husbandry
Animal Power
Animals
Animals, Draught
Animation
Antennas
Anthropology
Anti-aircraft Artillery
Anti-Modernism
Anti-satellite Weapons
Anti-submarine Warfare
Anti-tank Artillery
Antimony
Antinuclear Movement
Antofagasta (Chile) and Bolivia Railway Company
Antonov AN-74 (Airplane)
Apple Computer
Appliances, Electrical
Aquaculture
Aqueducts
Arabian American Oil Company (ARAMCO)
Arabian Peninsula
arc
Archaeology
Archaeology, Industrial ( see Industrial Archaeology )
Archaeology, Underwater
Archaeology, Urban
Archery
Arches
Architects
Architects, Landscape
Architects, Naval
Architectural Drawings
Architectural Journals
Architectural Literature
Architecture ( see Sections I.7.1; II.7.1; III.7.1; IV.7.1; V.7.1. This see-reference used until 1990. )
Architecture, Commercial
Architecture, Corporate
Architecture, Domestic
Architecture, Farm ( see Agricultural Buildings )
Architecture, Gallo-Roman
Architecture, Gothic
Architecture, Industrial
Architecture, Interior
Architecture, Iron
Architecture, Landscape
Architecture, Military
Architecture, Naval
Architecture, Railroad
Architecture, Vernacular
Architecture, Wooden
Archives
Arizona
Arkansas River Valley
Armaments Industry
Armored Trains
Armories and Armorers
Arms and Armor
Arms Control
Arms Race
Army (France)
Army (Germany)
Army (Great Britain)
Army (Roman Empire)
ARPANet
Arrowheads
Arrows
Arsenic
Artifacts
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Life
Artificial Organs
Artillery ( see also: Ordnance )
Artillery, Naval
Artisans ( see Crafts and Craftsmen )
Arts and Crafts Movement
Asbestos and Asbestos Industry
Asia
Asia, Central
Assembly Line
Association for Computing Machinery
Association Française pour la Cybernétique Economique et Technologique (AFCET)
Astrolabes
Astronautics ( see also: Space Programs; Space Research )
Astronautics and Literature
Astronauts
Astronomy
Astronomy, Radar
Astronomy, Radio
Astrophysics
AT&T ( See: American Telephone and Telegraph Company )
Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway
Atlas Missile Program
Atmospheric Ozone
Atmospheric Radon
Atomic Bomb ( see also: Nuclear Weapons )
Atomic Energy ( see Nuclear Power )
Atomic Energy Commission ( see U.S. Atomic Energy Commission )
Audio Recording ( see Sound Recording and Reproduction )
Audiotext
Augers
Austin-Healey Automobile (Firm)
Autochrome
Autogiros
Automata
Automatic Control
Automatic Teller Machines
Automation
Automobile Air Bags
Automobile Brakes
Automobile Factories
Automobile Financing
Automobile Garages
Automobile Ignition Systems
Automobile Industry
Automobile Racing
Automobile Safety
Automobile Trailers
Automobile Transmission Devices
Automobiles
Automobiles, Electric
Automobiles, Pedal
Automobiles, Steam
Autopilot Systems
Aviation
Aviation, Arctic
Aviation, Commercial
Aviation, Military
Aviation, Naval
Aviators
Aviators, Military
Aviators, Naval
Avionics
Avro Aircraft
Axe Industry
Axes
Aztecs

B

B-2 (Bomber)
B-24 Liberator (Bomber)
B-29 Superfortress (Bomber)
B-36 (Bomber)
B-52 (Bomber)
Bacteriology
Baden (Germany)
Baden-Württemberg (Germany)
Bags
Bags, Paper
Baja California
Bakers and Bakeries
Baking Powder
Balances
Balances, Analytical
Ball Bearings
Ball Turrets
Ballistics
Balloons and Ballooning
Baltic Sea Region
Bamboo
Banana Industry
Banks and Banking
Bar Codes and Coding
Barbed Wire
Barges
Barite Mines and Mining
Barns
Barns, Round
Barracks
Barrels
Baseball Bat Industry
Basel (Switzerland)
Baskets
Bathrooms
Baths
Baths, Public
Bathtubs
Bathyspheres and Bathyscopes
Batteries
Batteries, Solar
Battleships
Bauxite Mines and Mining
Bavaria (Germany)
Bayer Process
Bayerische Motoren Werke (Firm)
Bayonets
Beads, Glass
Beads, Stone
Beams
Beams, Steel
Beepers (Pagers)
Beer Industry
Bees and Beekeeping
Beet Sugar Industry
Bellows
Bells and Bell Founding
Belting
Benedictine Monks
Benzene
Bibliography {See Sections I.2; II.2; III.2; IV.2; V.2.
Bibliometrics
Bicycles
Binoculars
Biochemistry
Biogas
Biological Warfare
Biology
Biology, Marine
Bionics
Biotechnology
Biotechnology Industries
Biplanes
Birth Control
Bismuth
Bituminous Materials
Black Lung Disease
Blacksmiths
Blades
Blast Furnaces ( see Furnaces, Blast )
Bleaching Industry
Block Prints
Bluebell Railway
Boats
Boats, Bark
Boats, Electric
Boats, Metal
Boats, Paddle-Wheel
Boats, Skin
Boats, Wooden
Boeing Airplanes
Boer War
Boilers
Bombsights
Bone
Bookbinders and Bookbinding
Books
Booksellers and Bookselling
Borax and Borax Industry
Borax Mines and Mining
Bordelais
Boring Machines
Botany
Bottles
Bottling Industry
Boulton Paul P.92 (Airplane)
Bows
Boxes, Paper
Brandy and Brandy Industry
Brass and Brass Industry
Bread
Breakwaters
Breeding
Breweries
Bricks and Brickmaking
Bridges
Bridges, Arched
Bridges, Bailey
Bridges, Cable Stayed
Bridges, Cantilever
Bridges, Concrete
Bridges, Covered
Bridges, Highway
Bridges, Iron
Bridges, Masonry
Bridges, Metal Arch
Bridges, Metal Truss
Bridges, Railroad
Bridges, Stone
Bridges, Suspension
Bridges, Truss
Bridges, Wooden
Bristol Airplanes (Firm)
British Motor Corporation
British National Archive for the History of Computing
British Nuclear Fuels Limited. Windscale and Calder Works
British Rail
Brittany (France)
Broadcasting
Bronze
Bronze, Cast
Brooms and Broommaking
Brunswick (Germany)
Brussels (Belgium)
Brutalism (Architecture)
Buddhism
Building Construction ( see also: Construction Industry. (Also used before 1990: see Sections I.7.1; II.7.1; III.7.1; IV.7.1; V.7.1.) )
Building Construction, Brick
Building Construction, Cast Iron
Building Construction, Concrete
Building Construction, Glass
Building Construction, Log
Building Construction, Metal
Building Construction, Steel
Building Construction, Stone
Building Construction, Wooden
Building Materials
Buildings, Industrial
Buildings, Prefabricated
Buildings, Structures, etc.
Bullets
Buoys
Buses
Business History ( see Sections: I.5; III.5; IV.5; V.5. (No longer used, 1990- ) )
Butchers and Butchering
Buttons and Button Industry
Byssus
Byzantine Empire

C

C++ (Computer Language)
CAB 500 (Computer)
Cabinetmakers
Cable
Cable Cars
Cable Manufacturing
Cable, Submarine
Cable, Telephone
Cable, Transatlantic
Cable, Transpacific
Cadmium Mines and Mining
Caissons
Calculating Machines
Calendars
Calligraphy
Calotype
Camera Lucida
Camera Obscura
Cameras
Cameras, Movie
Camouflage, Military
Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
Camshifts
Canadian Pacific Railway
Canal Lifts ( see also: Ship Lifts )
Canals
Canberra (Jet Bomber)
Candles and Candle Industry
Canning Industry
Cannon ( see Artillery )
Canoes
Cans
Cans, Tin
Capitalism
Caproni CA.313 (Bomber)
Caravans
Carbon Dioxide
Carburetors
Cardiology
Cargo Handling
Caribbean Area
Carolingian Empire
Carpenters and Carpentry
Carpet Industry
Carpets and Carpetmaking
Carriage Springs
Carriages and Carts
Carthage
Cartographers
Cartography
Cash Registers
Castille (Spain)
Castles
Catalysis
Catamarans
Catapults
Cataract Construction Company
Cathedrals and Churches
Cathetometers
Cathode Ray Tubes
Cattle
Cavalry
Celluloid
Cement and Cement Industry
Census Tabulation
Central America
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France)
Ceramics
Ceramics Industry
Cereal Products Industry
CERN {See European Organization for Nuclear Research
Chairs
Chalk Mines and Mining
Channel Tunnel
Charcoal and Charcoal Industry
Charge-coupled Devices
Chariots
Charts, Navigational
Cheese
Chemical Engineering ( see Engineering, Chemical )
Chemical Industry
Chemical Technology
Chemical Warfare
Chemistry
Chemistry, Agricultural
Chemistry, Industrial
Chemistry, Organic
Chemists
Chernobyl Nuclear Accident, Chernobyl, Ukraine, 1986
Cherokee Indians
Chess
Children and Technology
Children and Work
Chinese Americans
Chlorofluorocarbons
Chocolate and Chocolate Industry
Christianity
Chromium and Chromium Industry
Chronometers
Chronometers, Marine
Chronophotography
Church Organs
Churches ( see Cathedrals and Churches )
Cigar Industry
Cigarette Industry
Cinchopo Tree
Cinematography
Cipher Machines
Circuits, Electrical
Cistercian Monks
Cité des sciences et de l'industrie (Paris-La Villette)
Citrus Fruit Industry
Civil Defense
Civil Engineers ( see Engineers, Civil )
Civil War (United States)
Civil War, 1936-1939 (Spain)
Clamps
Clay and Clay Industry
Clearing of Land
Climate
Clipper Ships
Clockcases
Clocks ( see Clocks and Watches )
Clocks and Watches ( see also: Horology, Sundials; Time )
Clocks, Astronomical
Clocks, Atomic
Clocks, Electric
Clocks, Lantern
Clocks, Longcase
Clocks, Tower
Clocks, Water
Clothing and Dress
Clothing Industry
Cloves
Clovis Points
Coaches
Coal
Coal Gas
Coal Hydrogenation
Coal Industry
Coal Liquefaction
Coal Mines and Mining
Coal Oil
Coal Research
Coal, Anthracite
Coal, Bituminous
Cocoa and Cocoa Industry
Codex
Coffee
Coffee Industry
Coin-operated Machines
Coins and Coinage
Coke Industry
Coke Ovens
Cold Fusion
Collectors and Collecting
Cologne (Germany)
Colonialism
Color
Comb Industry
Combined Cycle Power Stations
Commerce
Commerce, Maritime
Commissariat à l'Énergie Atomique
Communication
Communication of Scientific Information
Communication of Technical Information
Communication, Oral
Communication, Visual
Communication, Written
Communications ( see also: Telecommunications. (Before 1990: see Sections I.13; II.13; III.13; IV.13; V.13.) )
Communications Equipment
Communications Satellite Corporation
Communications, Digital
Communications, Military
Communications, Optical
Communism
Compact Discs
Compagnie des Machines Bull (Firm)
Compagnie Nouvelle du Canal de Panama
Company Towns
Compass
Compass, Gyroscopic
Competition, Business
Competition, International
Compressed Air
Computed Tomography Imaging
Computer Crimes
Computer Displays
Computer Games
Computer Graphics
Computer Icons
Computer Industry
Computer Interfaces
Computer Languages ( see Programming Languages )
Computer Memory
Computer Museum (Boston)
Computer Networks
Computer Printers
Computer Programming
Computer Science
Computer Simulation
Computer Software Industry ( see also: Software )
Computer Storage
Computer Viruses
Computer Workstations
Computers and Computing ( see Sections I.12; IV.12; V.12 )
Computers and Computing, Analog
Computers and Computing, Pen-Based
Computers and Computing, Personal
Computers and Computing, Scientific
Computers and Computing, Special Purpose
COMSAT
Concrete
Concrete, Reinforced
Confectioneries and Confectioners
Conferencing
Conservation Movement
Construction ( see Building Construction; Construction Industry )
Construction Industry
Consul National des Universités (France)
Consumer Goods
Consumerism
Consumers
Containers
Containers, Beverage
Contractors
Control Systems
Controllers
Controllers, Numerical
Controllers, Pneumatic
Cookery
Cooling
Cooperative Societies
Coopers
Copper Alloys
Copper and Copper Industry
Copper Mines and Mining
Copper Smelting
Copying Machines ( see also: Photocopying Processes )
Copyright Law
Cork and Cork Industry
Corn (Maize)
Corning Museum of Glass
Corps des Ponts et Chaussées
Corvettes
Cosmetics
Costume Design
Cottage Industries
Cotton Gins and Ginning
Cotton Industry ( see also: Textile Industry )
Cottonseed and Cottonseed Industry
Cottonseed Oil
Cradles
Crafts and Craftsmen ( see also: Hats and Hatters; Knitting; Pottery; Quilts and Quilting; Sewing and Embroidery; Spinning; Weaving, etc )
Cranes
Cranes, Treadwheel
Crankcases
Creamery Industry
Cree Indians
Cremation and Crematoriums
Cromlechs
Crossbows
Cruisers
Crusades
Cryogenics
Cryptanalysis
Cryptography
Crystal Palace Exposition (London, 1851)
Crystallography
Crystals
Cuneiform
Current Conveyers
Cutlery Industry
Cyanide and Cyanide Industry
Cybernetics
Cyberspace
Cyborgs
Cymbal Industry

D

Daguerreotype
Dairy Industry
Dams
Dams, Concrete
Dams, Earth
Dams, Wooden
Data Processing
Databases
DDT
Decoration and Ornament
Decorative Arts
Deep Sea Drilling
Defense Industries
Deforestation
Deindustrialization
Demography
Dentistry
Dentistry, Prosthetic
Department Stores
Derricks, Railroad
Design
Design, Computer-aided
Design, Industrial ( see Industrial Design )
Design, Interior
Deskilling
Destroyer Escorts
Destroyers
Detergent Industry
Deutsche Reichsbahn
Deutscher Werkbund
Deutsches Museum
Dialectical Materialism
Diamond Mines and Mining
Diamond Synthesis
Diamonds
Dies and Stamps
Diesel Engines ( see Engines, Diesel )
Diet
Diffraction Gratings
Dikes
Direct Current
Dirigibles
Disability Technology
Disarmament
Disinfection
Distillation
Ditches
Dockyards
Dokis Indians
Domes
Domestic Technology ( see Household Technology )
Douglas A-4 Skyhawk
Douglas DC-3 (Transport Plane)
Drainage
Drawbridges
Drawing and Drafting
Dredges
Dredging
Drills
Dry Cleaning
Du Pont ( see E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company )
Dwellings
Dye Industry
Dyes
Dyes, Natural
Dyes, Synthetic

E

E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
E. Merck & Company
Earthquakes
East India Company
Eastman Kodak Company
Economics and Economic Growth
EDSAC (Computer)
Education
Education, Agricultural
Education, Architectural
Education, Chemical
Education, Engineering
Education, Engineering, History of Technology in
Education, Forestry
Education, History of Technology in
Education, Military
Education, Mining
Education, Naval
Education, Technical
Education, Vocational
Educational Technology
Egypt
Eiffel Tower ( see Tour Eiffel (Paris) )
Elan Valley Railway
Elasticity
Electric Arc
Electric Chair
Electric Grid
Electric Lighting ( see Lighting, Electric )
Electric Organ
Electric Power Stations
Electric Power Transmission
Electric Utility Industry
Electrical Engineering ( see Engineering, Electrical )
Electrical Engineers ( see Engineers, Electrical )
Electrical Industry
Electrical Insulation
Electrical Plugs
Electrical Wiring
Electricity and Electrical Power
Electricity and Medicine
Electrification
Electrification, Rural
Electrocardiography
Electrochemical Industry
Electrochemistry
Electrocorticography
Electrodynamics
Electrolysis
Electromagnetic Gun
Electromagnetic Theory
Electromagnetic Waves
Electromagnetism
Electrometallurgy
Electron Tubes
Electronic Data Processing
Electronic Games Industry
Electronic Warfare
Electronics ( see also: Microelectronics )
Electronics Industry
Electronics, Molecular
Electrophysiology
Electroplating
Electrotyping
Elevators
Elevators, Grain
Eli Lilly and Company
Embankments
Embossing
Embroidery ( see Sewing and Embroidery )
Energy {See Sections I.9; II.9; III.9; IV.9; V.9.
Energy, Nuclear ( see Nuclear Power )
Engineering
Engineering and Literature
Engineering and Society
Engineering Education ( see Education, Engineering )
Engineering Firms
Engineering Knowledge
Engineering Science
Engineering, Aeronautical
Engineering, Agricultural
Engineering, Audio
Engineering, Automotive
Engineering, Biomedical
Engineering, Chemical
Engineering, Civil
Engineering, Coastal
Engineering, Computer
Engineering, Earthquake
Engineering, Electrical
Engineering, Environmental
Engineering, Foundation
Engineering, Human Factors
Engineering, Hydraulic
Engineering, Industrial
Engineering, Large-scale
Engineering, Marine
Engineering, Maritime
Engineering, Materials
Engineering, Mechanical
Engineering, Military
Engineering, Mining
Engineering, Naval
Engineering, Nuclear
Engineering, Petroleum
Engineering, Power
Engineering, Railroad
Engineering, Sanitary
Engineering, Social
Engineering, Structural
Engineering, Systems
Engineering, Transportation
Engineerng, Safety
Engineers
Engineers, Aeronautical
Engineers, Aerospace
Engineers, Automotive
Engineers, Chemical
Engineers, Civil
Engineers, Electrical
Engineers, Hydraulic
Engineers, Locomotive
Engineers, Marine
Engineers, Mechanical
Engineers, Military
Engineers, Mining
Engineers, Naval
Engineers, Nuclear
Engineers, Power
Engineers, Railroad
Engineers, Sanitary
Engineers, Structural
Engineers, Transportation
Engines
Engines, Caloric
Engines, Coal Gas
Engines, Diesel
Engines, Electric Light
Engines, Explosive
Engines, Gasoline Turbine
Engines, Internal Combustion
Engines, Naptha
Engines, Rotary
Engines, Steam ( see Steam Engines )
Engines, Traction
Engines, Turboelectric
Engines, Turbojet
Engines, Water Pressure
England
Engravings
Engravings, Copperplate
Engravings, Gem
Engravings, Glass
Engravings, Stone
Engravings, Wood
ENIAC (Computer)
Enigma
Entertainment Industry
Entomology
Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship
Environment
Environmental Movement
EPCOT Center (Walt Disney World)
Ergonomics
ERMA (Computer)
Error
Escalators
Eskimos
Espionage
Ethics
Ethics, Environmental
Ethics, Medical
Ethiopia
Eugenics
Europe
European Community
European Organization for Nuclear Research
European Space Agency
Examinations, Technical
Excavators
Exhibitions and Fairs
Expert Systems
Explorers and Exploration
Explosives
Explosives Industry
Exposicion Universal de Barcelona (1888)
Exposition Universelle (Paris, 1867) {See Paris International Exposition (1867)
Exposition Universelle (Paris, 1889) {See Paris International Exposition (1889)
Exposition Universelle (Paris, 1900) {See Paris International Exposition (1900)
Eyeglasses

F

Facsimile Transmission
Factories
Factory System
Faience
Farmers
Farms
Fascism
Fashion
Fasteners
Fat
Federal Communications Commission ( SeeU.S. Federal Communications Commission )
Feminism
Fences
Fermentation
Ferries
Ferris Wheel
Ferryboats
Fertilizer
Fiber Optics
Fiberglass
Fibers, Chemical
Field Systems
Film and Technology ( see Technology and Film )
Film, Photographic
Filters and Filtration
Finance
Finland
Fire
Fire Engines
Fire Extinguishers
Fire Fighting
Fire Insurance
Fire Retardants
Firearms
Firearms Industry
Fireworks ( see Pyrotechnics )
Fish Drying Industry
Fisheries
Fishing and Fishing Industry
Flamethrowers
Flat Panal Displays
Flax
Flax Industry
Flint
Flood Control
Florence (Italy)
Flour and Flour Trade
Flow Meters
Flowerpots
Fluorspar
Flying Buttresses
Flying Saucers
Flywheels
Folklore
Food Industry and Trade
Food Law and Legislation
Food Preparation
Food Preservation
Footwear
Footwear Industries and Trades
Ford Motor Company
Fords (Stream Crossings)
Forecasts
Forest Products Industry
Forests and Forestry ( see also: Logging Industry; Lumber Industry )
Forges
Fortifications ( see also: Architecture, Military )
FORTRAN (Computer Language)
Foundations
Fountains
Franche-Comte (France)
Franconia (Germany)
Franklin Institute
Freight and Freightage
Freight Forwarders
Fremont, Elkhorn & Missouri Valley Railroad
French and Indian War, 1755-1763
French Morocco
French Revolution of 1789
Friction
Friesians
Frigates
Fruit-Culture
Fuels
Funeral Rites and Ceremonies
Fur Trade
Furnaces
Furnaces, Blast
Furnaces, Open-Hearth
Furniture
Futurism
Fuzzy Logic