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P Sc G4113 American Foreign Policy from World War II to the Present.
Prerequisite: 1113 or permission of instructor. An analysis of American foreign policy in the twentieth century. Covers the emergence of the United States as a great power, abandonment of isolation, World War II and the development of internationalism, the Cold War and policies of containment, the American involvement in the Far East, Middle East and Latin America. (graduate credit)

P Sc G4273 Constitutional Interpretation.
Prerequisite: 1113 or permission of instructor. Asks basic questions about the nation's fundamental law: What is the Constitution? Who is authorized to interpret it? How might one authoritatively interpret it? Why should anyone try to interpret it? (graduate credit)

P Sc G4283 Civil Rights and Civil Liberties
. Prerequisite: 1113 or permission of instructor. Investigates the character, function, and enforcement of civil rights and civil liberties in the American constitutional system. (graduate credit)

PSc G4420 Topics in Electoral Behavior. 1 to 3 hours. May be repeated with change of topic; maximum credit nine hours. Topics include voting behavior of the American mass public; cross-cultural research; the methodology of aggregate and survey analysis; computer applications; political attitudes, political socialization and attitude change; sociological, psychological, and cultural dimensions of electoral behavior; resultant behavior in the form of vote direction, registration, turnout, and participation; and theoretical consideration and implications for public policy. (graduate credit)

P Sc G4543 The United Nations.
The history, purposes, and politics of the United Nations organization; its strengths and weaknesses in regulating the relations of states; current problems of the United Nations and the Western European institutions. (graduate credit) 

P Sc G4730 Topics in Political Theory. 1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: sophomore standing. May be repeated with change of content; maximum credit nine hours. Devoted to specific problems and issues in political theory. Content will vary from course to course. Each course will examine a principal problem or issue in some depth. Descriptions of specific courses may be obtained from the department prior to pre-enrollment. (graduate credit) 

P Sc G4763 Existential Political Thought. Prerequisite: 1113 or permission of instructor. An examination of the relationship between existentialist philosophy and western political thought, with particular emphasis upon the influence of Martin Heidegger. Specific topics examined are: development of new outlooks upon traditional conceptions of politics in the West, personal responsibility in a political setting, reexamination of the concept of freedom and rights, and existentialism as a basis of political reform. (graduate credit)

Unless otherwise noted, the prerequisite for courses in political science numbered 5000–5999 is 12 hours of political science, or senior standing and permission of instructor.

P Sc 5003 Introduction to Public Administration.  Prerequisite: graduate standing.  An introductory graduate seminar surveying the field of public administration and its role and position in contemporary government, providing a basis from which to undertake advanced studies of theoretical and substantive nature.  Attention will be given to key themes in past and present of mainstream public administration, such as the foundation, personnel, organization, and policies of government. 

P Sc 5013 History and Theory of Urban Planning (Crosslisted with Regional and City Planning, Sociology 5013). Open to seniors in social science departments, civil engineering and architecture, and to graduate students in regional and city planning. An introductory course on the history and theory of contemporary planning, focusing on the physical, social, institutional and economic structure and dynamics of human settlements, and on the role and responsibilities of the professional planner. 

P Sc 5023 Problems in American Government. Content varies with instructor; may be repeated for credit with change of content. The focus is on the national government, including the political process and policies that relate to it.

P Sc 5043 Public Policy Implementation.  (Slashlisted with P Sc 4043.)  Prerequisite:  graduate standing.  This course examines how public laws are implemented.  It investigates actors, institutions and processes influential in decisions and actions regarding public program delivery.  No student may earn credit for both 4043 and 5043.

P Sc 5103 Organizations: Design, Structure and Process. Prerequisite: full graduate standing or permission of instructor. Analyzes large, complex organizations, particularly governmental units and other public sector agencies. Attention will be given to the principal theoretical models for their design and structure. Also seeks to understand system-subsystem relationships in the processes of decision making, communication, influence, leadership and technology. 

P Sc 5113 Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations. Covers the origins, development, and operational aspects of federalism in the U.S. Intergovernmental relations as the dynamics of federalism are studied as they impact on decision-making, administrative and fiscal patterns. Decentralization and reorganization are analyzed as they affect the administration of national programs. 

P Sc 5123 The Making of American Foreign Policy. A study of American policy formulation with its problems and limitations. Current American foreign policies and alternate courses of action are examined critically. 

P Sc 5133 Strategic Planning and Performance Measurement. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Introduces students to strategic planning, performance measurement, and benchmarking in the public sector. Provides an overview of strategic management and illustrates the development, implementation and reformulation of public policy and operational strategy. Emphasis on the changes in an organization's environment. 

P Sc 5143 Program Evaluation. Methodology of planning and evaluation of government programs. Emphasizes research design, especially experimental and quasi-experimental design, and alternative methods for handling threats to validity of research results. Includes measurement problems, control of variables, and the politics of program planning and evaluation. 

P Sc 5153 Public Sector Labor Relations.  Covers the techniques of contract negotiations in the public sector, the elements of contract administration, impasse resolution procedures and the variety and complexity of laws under which public sector labor relations occur. 

P Sc 5163 Legislative Process and Behavior. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Examination of character of legislative process in United States Congress, American state legislatures and foreign legislative bodies; in-depth exploration of empirical hypotheses and related data concerning legislative process and behavior; major focus on legislature (especially Congress) as an institution and on such topics as: committees, norms, socialization, leadership, staff, voting cues. 

P Sc 5170 Problems in Public Administration. 2 to 3 hours. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Research and investigation on selected problems of public administration. Some alternative subjects: administrative theory and organizational theory, bureaucracy, organization and management, government corporations, administrative policy making, responsibility and accountability. 

P Sc 5173 Bureaucracy and Politics.Prerequisite: graduate standing. Examines the concept of the political role of the bureaucracy and the impact of other government institutions on bureaucratic structure, functions, and behavior. The role of the bureaucracy in public policy making and the influence of politics on policy implementation is analyzed. 

P Sc 5183 Public Budgeting and Finance. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Examines the techniques and politics of raising and spending public funds. Discusses topics such as deficity politics, legislative and executive powers, and the budgetary role of the courst. Assesses the impacts of taxing and spending policies. Explores issues relevant to national, state, and local governments. 

P Sc 5193 Comparative Administration. Will compare analytically the political, legal, economic and cultural influences. Similarities and contrasts in the bureaucratic functions and structures will be examined and attention given to organization around the chief executive, both centrally and in departments and ministries. 

P Sc 5203 Urban Land Use Controls(Crosslisted with Regional and City Planning, Sociology 5203). Open to seniors in social sciences, architecture and civil engineering, and to graduate students in regional and city planning. Provides a study of the historical development of property systems; of zoning law, ordinance preparation, and administrative procedures; of subdivision regulations and other codes used in the regulation and control of land use. 

P Sc 5213 Administrative Law. With appellate court decisions and other analytical materials, the relationships between regulatory agencies and the public are developed; the consideration of such subjects as the delegation of powers, the elements of fair administrative procedures, and the judicial control of administrative determinations are examined. 

P Sc 5223 Public Policy Analysis. An introduction to public policy analysis and policy making with emphasis on the examination of selected policy issues.

P Sc 5233 Health Policy.  Prerequisite:  graduate standing.  This course is designed to provide students with a clear understanding of the nature and dynamics of health policy making and administration in the United States. 

P Sc 5243 Managing Public Programs. Introduces MPA students to the general principles of management as they are applied in the public sector. Topics include: systems theory, systems design (PERT), organization design, techniques of supervision, public sector labor relations, public sector personnel practices, agency interface with political actors in the environment. 

P Sc 5253 Human Resource Administration. An analysis of the structure and role of manpower in all levels of U.S. government, focusing on the development of the public service, manpower planning, unionization of public employees and recent trends in public personnel relations. 

P Sc 5263 Congress in the Political System. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Empirically based course considering United States Congress and its role in American political system; examination of relationships between Congress and other institutions and actors. Possible topics include: Congress and the Presidency, interest groups, and lobbyists; Congress and Supreme Court; Congress and foreign policy; Congress and executive bureaus.

P Sc 5273 The Judiciary. The U.S. Supreme Court, through its use of the Constitution as a standard, has become a significant institution in the making of national policy. Survey and analysis of that policy-making function, and how it has become a significant part of the entire American political process. Primary attention is paid to the analysis of decisions made by the Court, although this entails considerable attention to the institutional processes which result in such decisions. The following areas of concern are examined: the judicial process, economic policy, equality, criminal justice, presidential power, personal rights and the frontiers of judicial policy making. Additional readings in substantive judicial policy areas will be assigned. A research paper will be required. 

P Sc 5283 Problems in Law and the Constitution. Course content will vary. Intensive analysis of specific problems in legal or constitutional theory. Topics could include slavery and the constitution, capitalism and constitutional order, constitutional crisis and failure, law and morality, and jurisprudence. 

P Sc 5293 Administration, Ethics and American Government. Prerequisite: graduate standing. An exploration of the role of ethics in American government, especially in public administration. Topics to be studied include codes of professional ethics for administrators, ethics and constitutionalism, law and ethics, and the ethical implications of differing approaches to administrative work and to democracy. 

P Sc 5303 Research, Writing, and Analysis for Public Administrators.  Prerequisite: graduate standing.  An on-line, self-paced course introducing public administration graduate students to the practice of applied research, analysis and writing for the public sector.  Topics will include administrative writing, the use and presentation of data and research, analytic skills in policy and administration, and ethical issues related to writing and analysis.

P Sc 5313 Urban Management. Concepts, processes and techniques of managing urban political systems to include problems of leadership, decision making, conflict resolution, group behavior, developmental methods and strategies. 

P Sc 5323 Problems in Public Policy. May be repeated with change of content; maximum credit six hours. Content varies with professor. Focus on topics related to public policy issues at all levels of government, including the design, implementation, and evaluation of specific policy initiatives.

P Sc 5333 Environmental Policy and Administration. Prerequisite: graduate standing. United States environmental policy, environmental movements, policy process, cost-benefit analysis, risk analysis and management, clean air policy, hazardous waste policy, other topical policy areas, global environmental issues.

P Sc 5343 Public Policy and Inequality. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Explores alternative definitions of equality and their implications in terms of public policy. Specific topics include the role of issue definition and agenda-setting in policy formation, the causes and politics of inequality, the difficulties in measuring inequality, and institutional dynamics that exacerbate or ameliorate inequality.

P Sc 5353 State and Local Public Finance and Budgeting Systems (Crosslisted with Regional and City Planning 5353). Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. An overview of the process and methods for local capital improvement programs and capital budget preparation, and an examination of the relationships between local development policies and fiscal decision making, including revenue potential.

P Sc 5363 Public Financial Management.Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Introduces students to important concepts, procedures, and skills associated with managing public monies. Major topics include government accounting, debt management, forecasting, cash management, and capital budgeting.

P Sc 5373 Decision Analysis and Risk Management. Prerequisite: graduate standing. Individual-level decision making, decision analysis, values integration, heuristics and biases in judgment, group decisions, game theory, negotiations, societal risk management, risk assessment, perception and communication, applications to health safety, and environmental risks.

P Sc 5383 Survey of Political Communication (Crosslisted with Communication 5383). Prerequisite: graduate standing. Surveys communication in the political system. Discusses theory and research on interpersonal, public and mass communication in politics, particularly political campaigns. 

P Sc 5393 Regulatory Policy. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Examines the reasons for the growth of administration regulation, regulatory agencies and processes, the nature of their formal, legal and informal powers, organization and procedures, and of their relationships with legislature, chief executives, courts, and interest groups, including consumer interests.

P Sc 5400 Problems in Political Behavior. 2 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing, qualified senior by permission of instructor. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Content varies, representative topics would include interdisciplinary contributions to the study of political behavior, political socialization, decision making, voting behavior, belief systems, political violence, personality and politics and political culture. 

P Sc 5403 Mediating Institutions: Parties, Interest Groups and Mass Media.  Prerequisite: graduate standing.  Surveys literature on parties, interest groups and mass media as institutions linking citizens and governments.

P Sc 5413 Rational Choice and Politics. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Rational choice and politics–the theory, applications, and critiques. Builds on the assumption that humans are narrowly self-interested and proceeds to examine whether this assumption can illuminate and explain various political outcomes, both in the abstract and in the particular context of American political institutions.

P Sc 5423 Mass Politics: Public Opinion, Voting, Realignment. A survey of the literature on public opinion, voting behavior and realignment (or electoral change). Additional topics may include political socialization, participation and elite-mass interactions.

P Sc 5453 The Presidency. Will survey recent literature on the institution of the American presidency and examine behavior of recent presidents. A research paper is required.

P Sc 5513 International Relations Theory. Overview and appraisal of the state of the field of international relations. Primary emphasis will be placed on scope and method issues and on a review of theoretical attempts to explain general and specific aspects of international relations.

P Sc 5523 Morality and Foreign Policy. Review of general debate regarding morality and foreign policy. Identification and analysis of moral issues regarding various foreign policy areas: use of force, nuclear deterrence and war, nonviolence, revolution, rich nation-poor nation issues, global interdependence issues.

P Sc 5533 The United Nations and U.S. Foreign Policy. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Examines the role of the United Nations in the execution of American foreign policy. An analysis of the viability of the United Nations as an international actor in a world infinitely more complex than the world system of 1945 provides the framework for the course.

P Sc 5543 International Organizations and Regimes. Prerequisite: graduate standing. Focuses on the organization of international politics via formal multilateral arrangements (international organizations) and informal multilateral agreements (international regimes) from a theoretical perspective.

P Sc 5550 Problems in International Relations. 2 to 3 hours. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Analysis of current international conflicts and problems with study of possible solutions. May include study of the role and current problems of the United Nations.

P Sc 5553 International Security.  Prerequisite:  graduate standing.  This course examines major theoretical approaches to the study of international security, including traditional approaches, the role of weapons, and new dimensions in international security. 

P Sc 5563 International Political Economy. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. The organization of the international economic system and the opportunities and constraints faced by national governments in managing economic relations with other countries. Also examines the role of international agencies in managing economic crises and the globalization of the world economy.

P Sc 5573 Political Economy of Emerging Nations. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Examines political, economic, and social development in emerging nations. The course investigates first how colonialism affected Asia, Latin America, and Africa, and then analyzes development under the post-independence government.

P Sc 5600 Problems in Comparative Government. 2 to 3 hours. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. Content varies, but involves systematic comparative treatment of such central themes as the transitional society, change and revolution, modernization, political groups, constitutionalism, and bureaucracy. 

P Sc 5603 Russian Politics in Comparative Perspective.  Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Designed to demonstrate how comparativists who focus on Russia have engaged seminal works in the subfield of comparative politics. 

P Sc 5613 Political Economy of Industrial Democracies. Prerequisite: graduate standing. Examines the interrelationship of political and economic factors in influencing both political and economic outcomes. A key element will be application of microeconomic theory to obtain a better understanding of decision-making processes. Topics will include theory of collective action, comparative economic performance, political business cycles and theories of economic voting. 

P Sc 5623 International Terrorism. Will study the phenomenon of international terrorism. After analyzing different types of incidents the students will explore patterns of terrorism and the tactical and strategic responses to the threat along with policy implications on all levels. 

P Sc 5633 Comparative Public Policy Analysis. Analyzes the content of public policies cross-nationally, comparing the United States and several Western European democracies. Particular attention is given to social and economic policies, i.e., welfare state issues. 

P Sc 5643 Politics in Western Europe. Analyzes western European politics in a comparative perspective. Attention will be given to both processes and structures of governments in western European countries with particular emphasis on interest articulation and policy outcomes. 

P Sc 5653 Low Intensity Conflict: Nature, Processes, Policies. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Introduces the student to the nature and dynamics of low intensity conflict with an emphasis on the processes of revolutionary warfare; identifies and analyzes major strategies associated with low intensity conflict; evaluates alternative policies associated with engaging in or responding to low intensity conflict. 

P Sc 5673 Comparative Political Economy. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Examines the organization of economic institutions in different national settings, asking in particular how political systems help shape the economic institutions and outcomes. Specific issues include the organization of economic actors and their influence on economic policy, the impact of technology, and globalization. 

P Sc 5683 Politics in Latin America. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Covers recent approaches to understanding politics in Latin America, with an emphasis on questions of transitions to democracy and regime stability, the nature of democratic rule, and the role of political institutions, the economy, and the military. 

P Sc 5693 Intelligence: Process, Policy, and Management. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. Explores issues associated with the role of intelligence in a democratic society by focusing on the U.S. intelligence community. Areas of inquiry include: the role of intelligence in national security, the major elements of intelligence, the major organizations within the intelligence community, future threats, oversight, and policy issues. 

P Sc 5713 Classical Political Theory. Prerequisite: 3703 or other undergraduate work introducing classical political thought. Open to qualified undergraduate students with permission of instructor. Devoted to study of the political thought developed in classical antiquity, at which time the quest for a systematic and rational understanding of political life emerged and permanently altered the way we think about politics. Emphasis will be given to the works of Plato and Aristotle. 

P Sc 5723 Modern Political Theory. Prerequisite: 3713 or other undergraduate work introducing modern political thought. Open to qualified undergraduate students with permission of instructor. Devoted to major works in modern political theory, from Machiavelli through Hegel, Marx and Nietzsche in the nineteenth century. Emphasis will be given to those thinkers whose ideas contribute to shaping the major forms of society and government found in the modern state. 

P Sc 5733 Contemporary Political Theory. Prerequisite: open to qualified undergraduates with permission of instructor. Will study selected issues in contemporary political theory. Specific topics will include the modern theory of a "social science," problems of modern democratic theory, contemporary Marxism, the crisis of the idea of progress, economics and politics, historicism, contemporary analysis of natural law and natural right and others. 

P Sc 5773 Political Theory and Representation. Prerequisite: permission of instructor for undergraduates. Focus is upon theories and problems in representation. Readings will include The Federalist Papers, Democracy in America, and contemporary works in democratic theory. 

P Sc 5910 Government Internship. 2 to 8 hours. Prerequisite: 15 hours of political science or 24 hours of social science. May be repeated; maximum credit eight hours.

P Sc 5913 Introduction to Analysis of Political and Administrative Data. Presents an introduction to the foundations and use of quantitative methods in political science/public administration. Topics covered include: conducting systematic research in political science/public administration, measurement theory, bivariate analysis, hypothesis testing and statistical inference. 

P Sc 5923 Measurement and Analysis for Public Administrators. Prerequisite: 5913 or permission of instructor. Prepares students and practicing administrators for conducting applied research in the public administration/public policy area. Major topics include: research problems in P.A., research design, measurement techniques, and using analysis for decision making. 

P Sc 5933 Intermediate Analysis of Political Data. Prerequisite: 5913; 5000-level prerequisite. Continues the study of the foundations and use of quantitative methods in political science. Topics covered include: probability theory, distribution theory, control table analysis, analysis of variance and correlation and regression analysis. 

P Sc 5940 Advanced Research Methods: Special Topics. 1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: 5913 or permission of instructor. May be repeated with change of subject matter; maximum credit six hours. Provides introduction into advanced qualitative or quantitative analytical methods for students who will pursue a career in research. Topics will vary but may include such methodologies as ethnographic, cultural, discriminant, or factor analysis. 

P Sc 5943 Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Generalized Linear Models.  Prerequisite: P Sc 5933.  Introduces a number of new and useful statistical models that are logit and probit models for both binary, multinomial and ordinal dependent variables, event count models, duration models, and models of heteroskedastic regressions.  Maximum likelihood provides a single, coherent approach to estimation and a way of thinking about how data are generated. 

P Sc 5950 Research Problems. 2 to 5 hours. May be repeated with change of subject matter; maximum credit 10 hours. Students must indicate field of research and hours credit at the time of enrollment. To be subdivided topically as follows: American national government, public administration, American state and local government, public law, popular government, international relations, comparative government, political theory, elections and political behavior, behavioral laboratory. 

P Sc 5960 Directed Readings. 1 to 3 hours. Prerequisite: graduate standing or permission of instructor. May be repeated; maximum credit six hours. 

P Sc 5980 Research for Master's Thesis. Variable enrollment, two to nine hours; maximum credit applicable toward degree, six hours. 

Unless otherwise noted, the prerequisite for courses numbered 6000–6993 is graduate standing and permission of instructor. All seminar courses may be repeated with change of subject matter.

P Sc 6003 Political Science: Survey of a Discipline. Prerequisite: admission to doctoral program in political science. Traces the development of the discipline of political science as well as the epistemological and theoretical foundations of the field. Emphasis is given to the role of research design for political analysis. Attention also is devoted to the professional norms and expectations of an academic career in political science. 

P Sc 6013   Seminar in American National Government.  Content varies; research in selected topics within the field of American National Government. 

P Sc 6023   Field Seminar in American Politics.  Prerequisite: graduate standing.  Seminar designed to introduce as much of the field of American politics as possible.  Includes epistemology and paradigms, institutionalism, the various political institutions that structure our politics, and the role of the individual in American politics. 

P Sc 6103   Field Seminar in Public Administration.  Seminar designed to review the field of Public Administration.  Investigates epistemology and paradigms of the field and considers the role of bureaucratic organizations in the American system of governance.

P Sc 6123 Seminar in American Politics and Bureaucracy. Content varies; examination of topics relating to the role of bureaucracy in the American political system and the economic, political and cultural impact of other institutions upon bureaucracy.

P Sc 6143. Seminar in Public Organization Behavior. Covers the literature of organization theory which led to the organization behavior movement. Deals with the models or organization behavior in a cultural as well as organizational/ governmental framework. 

P Sc 6163 Seminar in Legislative Studies. Prerequisite: graduate standing. Will be devoted to intensive examination of issues in legislative studies. 

P Sc 6173 Seminar—Public Administration.Directed research in selected areas of public administration. Commentary and discussion by instructor over general area or areas selected for research. Paper prepared by students and based upon individual research presented to the seminar for analysis and discussion. Example of topic: Decision making in governmental bureaucracy. 

P Sc 6223 Seminar—Public Policy. Analyses of various approaches to the study of public policy. Research papers may focus on either specific approaches to the study of public policy or the use of a particular approach in analyzing a specific policy area. 

P Sc 6383 Seminar in Political Communication (Crosslisted with Communication 6383). May be repeated with change of topic; maximum credit nine hours. Considers current topics in political communication theory and research. 

P Sc 6603 Field Seminar in Comparative Politics. Prerequisite: graduate standing. May be repeated with change of content; maximum credit nine hours. Includes topics on contemporary foreign political systems, with emphasis on systematic comparative treatment. 

P Sc 6753 Seminar in Political Theory. Participants should have a basic knowledge of the history of political theory and should have taken at least one core graduate course in the field (5713, 5723, 5733) or the equivalent. The intensive study of a major text or issue in political theory. Topics examined in recent years include the politics of Aristotle, Rousseau, the political theory of the Enlightenment, and the Greek theory of the Polis. 

P Sc 6980 Research for Doctor's Dissertation. Variable enrollment.

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