|Through the course of your studies, you have probably come across many latin abreviations. Some you might know, others maybe not. Here are a few of the more common ones for your reference.|
cf. = confer, compare
cp. = compara, compare
e.g. = exempli gratia (for the sake of example)
et. al. = et alii / aliae (and others (of people))
etc. = et cetera (and others (of things))
i.e. = id est = that is
n.b. = nota bene (note carefully (i.e. pay attention))
v.i. and v.s. = vide infra and vide supra (see below and see above)
q.v. = quod vide (which see (i.e. see this item))
QED = quod erat demonstrandum (that which was to be proved)
q.e. = quod est (which is)
QEF = quod erat faciendum (which was to be done)
sine qua non = indispensable
While Latin is considered a "dead" language, it has given us many words and expressions that crop up in our movies, tv shows, and even our everyday speech. Below are just a few expressions that you might have come across:
Carpe Diem. "Seize the day." This is probably the most commonly used expression, but don't forget the rest of it: Carpe diem, quam minimum credula postero. "Seize the day, trust least to the future."
Persona grata "A welcome guest." It's more common to hear, especially when talking of diplomats, Persona non grata. "An unwelcome guest."
Veni, vidi, vici. "I came, I saw, I conquered."
Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes. "Beware of Greeks bearing gifts." This was said by Sean Connery in the film "The Rock."
Casus belli. "The source of dispute."
Ars longa, vita brevis. "Art is long life is short." This applicable to more than just art.
Splendide mendax. "A magnificent liar." This has been applied to President Clinton on more than one occasion, by his opponents.
Fama nihil est celerius. "Nothing is swifter than rumor."
Tempus edax rerum. "Time, consumer of all things."
Ipso facto. "By the very fact." Commonly used in law.
Fortes Fortuna adjuvat. "Fortune favors the brave."
Falsus in uno, falsus in omnius. "False in one thing, false in all."
Alea jacta est. "The die is cast." This is often said when someone takes a course of action from which there is no turning back. ("Die" is the singular of "dice.")
Ad nauseum. "To a disgusting extent." Sometimes used when referring to people who go on about the stomach problems ad nauseum.
Si vis pacem, para bellum. "If you want peace prepare for war."
Pax vobiscum. "Peace be with you." Heard at Latin mass before Vatican II.
Sui generis. "In a class of its own."
Errare humanum est. "To err is human."
Caveat emptor. "Let the buyer beware." This probably ties with Carpe diem as the most commonly used phrase.
Prima facie. "On the face of it."
Vade in pace. "Go in peace."
Ex nihilo, nihil fit. "From nothing, comes nothing."
Sic trnasit gloria mundi. "Thus passes the glory of the world." Also heard, Sic transit vir. "Thus passes man."
Omnia vincit amor. "Love conquers all."
Sub rosa. "In secret."
Modus operendi. "Means of operation." Often heard in tv cop shows, usually abbreviated as MO.
Quis custodiet ipos custodes? "Who will guard the guards themselves?"
Semper paratus. "Always ready."
Ave, Caesar, morituri te salutant. "Hail, Caesar, those about to die salute you." What the gladiators said before their games in the Coleseum.
Flagrante delicto. "Committing the crime."
E pluribus unum. "From many, one." One of two mottos on US coins.
Tempus fugit. "Time flies."