Chapter 2
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The Art of Mesopotamia and Egypt
 
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Mythological figures, detail of the sound box of the bull lyre, Ur (modern Iraq). Wood with shell inlay, 2680 BCE
  Bull lyre, Ur (modern Iraq). Wood with gold, lapis lazuli, and shell, 2680 BCE   Nanna Ziggurat, Ur (modern Iraq) NE facade with restored stairs, 2100-2050 BCE   Worshipers and Deities, from the Temple of Abu in Tell Asmar (modern Iraq). Limestone, alabaster, and gypsum, 2900-2600 BCE   Sumerian figure head, 2900-2600 BCE  
                     
           
           
                     
  Stela of Naramsin, limestone, 2254-2218 BCE   Votive statue of Gudea, from Lagash (modern Iraq). Diorite, 2120 BCE   Stela of Hammurabi, from Susa (modern Iraq). Basalt, 1792-1750 BCE   Guardian figure, from the entrance to the throne room, palace of Sargon II. Limestone, 720 BCE   Votive pallette of King Narmer. Old Kingdom, Slate, 3150-3125 BCE  
                     
           
           
                     
  Stepped pyramid of Djoser, Saqqara. Limestone   Stepped pyramid, diagram   Khafre. Old Kingdom,c. 2570-2544 BCE Diorite. Egyptian Museum, Cairo. Diorite, 2570-2544 BCE   Menkaure and His Wife, Queen Khamerernebty II, found at Menkaure's temple complex, next to his pyramid at Giza, Egypt. Slate, 2515 BCE   Great Pyramids at Giza. Old Kingdom, c. 2601-2515 BCE. Limestone and granite, original height of pyramid of Khufu 480', length of each side at base 755'. Granite and limestone, 2601-2515 BCE  
                     
           
           
                     
  Great Pyramid of Khufu, Giza. Diagram   King Khafre as the god Hu, later known as the "Great Sphinx", Giza. Old Kingdom, c. 2570-2544 BCE. Sandstone, height 65'   Mummy of a woman, 1500 BCE   Mummy of a woman, 1500 BCE   Mummy of a woman, 1500 BCE  
                     
           
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  Mummy of a woman, 1500 BCE   Mummy of a lamb, 1500 BCE   Mummy of a cat, 1500 BCE   Mummy of a cat, 1500 BCE   next