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WASH Resources


This listing is a composite of well-worn books, frequently-cited articles, and helpful websites that will give you entry points into the world of water and sanitation technologies (WaSH) for emerging regions. It is not intended to be a comprehensive listing, but instead a representative sample, a “Beginner’s Toolkit” that can be edited and amended as needed.

I. Websites

U.S. Water Partnership:

Appropriate Infrastructure Development Group: (general website home) (technical resources)

Water For People:

Water4 Foundation:

Lifewater International:

Living Water International:

The Water Institute at University of North Carolina:

WaTER Center at the University of Oklahoma

Practical Action:

World Health Organization:

WaterAid America:

II. WASH Conference Listings

E-Source for WASH News, Features and Events:

III. Campus Student Groups

Sooners Without Borders

Global Brigades:    


Wells Project:

IV. Books

S. Arnalich, How to design a Gravity Flow Water System: Through worked exercises. Santiago Arnalich, 2010

A. Banerjee and E. Duflo, Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty. PublicAffairs, 2011.

M. Black and B. Fawcett, The Last Taboo: Opening the Door on the Global Sanitation Crisis. Routledge, 2008.

S. Cairncross and R. Feachem, Environmental Health Engineering in the Tropics: An Introductory Text, 3rd ed. Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2011

P. Collier, The Bottom Billion: Why the Poorest Countries are Failing and What Can Be Done About It. Oxford University Press, USA, 2008.

J. Davis and R. Lambert, Engineering in Emergencies: A Practical Guide for Relief Workers, 2nd ed. Practical Action, 2002

C. W. Fetter, Applied Hydrogeology, 4th ed. Prentice Hall, 2000

A. R. Freeze and J. A. Cherry, Groundwater, 1st ed. Prentice Hall, 1979

B. Hazeltine and C. Bull, Field Guide to Appropriate Technology, 1st ed. Academic Press, 2003

J. C. Jenkins, The Humanure Handbook: A Guide to Composting Human Manure, Third Edition, 3rd ed. Joseph Jenkins, Inc., 2005

T. Jordan, A Handbook of Gravity-Flow Water Systems, Revised. Practical Action, 1984

B. Lancaster, Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands and Beyond (Vol. 2): Water-Harvesting Earthworks. Rainsource Press, 2007

A. Ludwig, Water Storage: Tanks, Cisterns, Aquifers, and Ponds for Domestic Supply, Fire and Emergency Use--Includes How to Make Ferrocement Water Tanks. Oasis Design, 2005

J. R. Mihelcic and J. B. Zimmerman, Environmental Engineering: Fundamentals, Sustainability, Design, 1st ed. Wiley, 2009

J. R. Mihelcic, L. M. Fry, E. A. Myre, L. D. Philips, and B. D. Barkdoll, Field Guide to Environmental Engineering for Development Workers: Water, Sanitation, and Indoor Air. American Society of Civil Engineers, 2009

C. E. Smith, Design for the Other 90%, Large type edition. Editions Assouline, 2007

W. Viessman. Jr, M. J. Hammer, E. M. Perez, and P. A. Chadik, Water Supply and Pollution Control, 8th ed. Prentice Hall, 2008

IV. Journal Articles (2000-present)

E. A. M. Abdallah and G. A. Gagnon, “Arsenic removal from groundwater through iron oxyhydroxide coated waste products.,” Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 881-888, May 2009.

R. D. Anderson, L. S. McNeill, M. Edwards, and S. C. Morton, “Evaluation of a New Field Measurement Method for Arsenic in Drinking Water Samples.,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, vol. 134, no. 5, pp. 382-388, May 2008.

Benjamin F. Arnold and John M. Colford, Jr., “Treating Water with Chlorine at Point-of-Use to Improve Water Quality and Reduce Child Diarrhea in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis”, Am J Trop Med Hyg February 2007 vol. 76 no. 2 354-364

N. J. Ashbolt, “Microbial contamination of drinking water and disease outcomes in developing regions.,” Toxicology, vol. 198, no. 1-3, pp. 229-238, May 2004.

S. Batterman et al., “Sustainable Control of Water-Related Infectious Diseases: A Review and Proposal for Interdisciplinary Health-Based Systems Research.,” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 117, no. 7, pp. 1023-1032, Jul. 2009.

L. R. Brunson and D. A. Sabatini, “An Evaluation of Fish Bone Char as an Appropriate Arsenic and Fluoride Removal Technology for Emerging Regions.,” Environmental Engineering Science, vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 1777-1784, Dec. 2009.

S. Cairncross, J. Bartram, O. Cumming, and C. Brocklehurst, “Hygiene, Sanitation, and Water: What Needs to Be Done?,” PLoS Medicine, vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 1-7, Nov. 2010.

Daar, A. S., Thorsteinsdóttir, H., Martin, D. K., Smith, A. C., Nast, S. and Singer, P. A. 2002. “Top Ten Biotechnologies for Improving Health in Developing Countries”, Nature Genetics, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 229-232.

A. A. Ellis, P. Winch, Z. Daou, K. E. Gilroy, and E. Swedberg, “Home management of childhood diarrhoea in southern Mali—Implications for the introduction of zinc treatment.,” Social Science & Medicine, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 701-712, Feb. 2007.

L. Fewtrell, R. B. Kaufmann, D. Kay, W. Enanoria, L. Haller, and J. M. Colford Jr, “Water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions to reduce diarrhoea in less developed countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.,” Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 42-52, Jan. 2005.

A. Gadgil, “Safe and Affordable Drinking Water for Developing Countries.,” AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1044, no. 1, pp. 176-191, 2008.

D. E. Giles, M. Mohapatra, T. B. Issa, S. Anand, and P. Singh, “Iron and aluminium based adsorption strategies for removing arsenic from water.,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 92, no. 12, pp. 3011-3022, Dec. 2011.

P. R. Hunter, D. Zmirou-Navier, and P. Hartemann, “Estimating the impact on health of poor reliability of drinking water interventions in developing countries,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 407, no. 8, pp. 2621-2624, Apr. 2009.

Hyon-Chong Kim, Chang-Gu Lee, Jeong-Ann Park, and Song-Bae Kim, “Arsenic removal from water using iron-impregnated granular activated carbon in the presence of bacteria,” Journal of Environmental Science & Health, Part A: Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 177-182, Jan. 2010.

K. B. P. N. Jinadasa, S. W. R. Weerasooriya, and C. B. Dissanayake, “A rapid method for the deflouridation of fluoride-rich drinking waters at village level,” International Journal of Environmental Studies, vol. 31, no. 4, p. 305, 1988.

H. Kitawaki, “Common Problems in Water Supply and Sanitation in Developing Countries.” Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Winter2002.

C. Lanata, “Studies of food hygiene and diarrhoeal disease.,” International Journal of Environmental Health Research, vol. 13, p. S175-S183, Jun2003 Supplement.

B. Larsen, “Hygiene and health in developing countries: defining priorities through cost - benefit assessments.,” International Journal of Environmental Health Research, vol. 13, p. S37-S46, Jun2003 Supplement.

Z. Li, W.-T. Jiang, J.-S. Jean, H. Hong, L. Liao, and G. Lv, “Combination of hydrous iron oxide precipitation with zeolite filtration to remove arsenic from contaminated water.,” Desalination, vol. 280, no. 1-3, pp. 203-207, Oct. 2011.

R. MacDonald, “Providing clean water: lessons from Bangladesh.,” BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition), p. 626, 17-Mar-2001.

S. Mandal, T. Padhi, and R. K. Patel, “Studies on the removal of arsenic (III) from water by a novel hybrid material.,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 192, no. 2, pp. 899-908, 2011.

M. A. Massoud, A. Al-Abady, M. Jurdi, and I. Nuwayhid, “The Challenges of Sustainable Access to Safe Drinking Water in Rural Areas of Developing Countries: Case of Zawtar El-Charkieh, Southern Lebanon.,” Journal of Environmental Health, vol. 72, no. 10, pp. 24-30, Jun. 2010.

T. B. Mlilo, L. R. Brunson, and D. A. Sabatini, “Arsenic and Fluoride Removal Using Simple Materials,” Journal of Environmental Engineering, vol. 136, no. 4, pp. 391-398, Apr. 2010.

M. A. Montgomery and M. Elimelech, “Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries: Including Health in the Equation”, Environmental Science & Technology 2007 41 (1), 17-24

D. M. Norton et al., “Flocculant-disinfectant point-of-use water treatment for reducing arsenic exposure in rural Bangladesh.,” International Journal of Environmental Health Research, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 17-29, Feb. 2009.

D. Pittet, “Clean hands reduce the burden of disease.,” Lancet, vol. 366, no. 9481, pp. 185-187, Jul. 2005.

M. D. Sobsey, C. E. Stauber, L. M. Casanova, J. M. Brown, and M. A. Elliott, “Point of Use Household Drinking Water Filtration: A Practical, Effective Solution for Providing Sustained Access to Safe Drinking Water in the Developing World.,” Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 4261-4267, Jun. 2008.

O. S. Thirunavukkarasu, T. Viraraghavan, K. S. Subramanian, O. Chaalal, and M. R. Islam, “Arsenic Removal in Drinking Water--Impacts and Novel Removal Technologies.,” Energy Sources, vol. 27, no. 1/2, pp. 209-219, Jan. 2005.

P. J. Winch et al., “Differential Community Response to Introduction of Zinc for Childhood Diarrhea and Combination Therapy for Malaria in Southern Mali.,” Journal of Nutrition, vol. 138, no. 3, pp. 642-645, Mar. 2008.

J. Wright, S. Gundry, R. Conroy, “Household drinking water in developing countries: a systematic review of microbiological contamination between source and point-of-use”, Tropical Medicine & International Health, Volume 9, Issue 1, pages 106–117, January 2004

Compiled by Jim F. Chamberlain; 17 October 2011
E-mail: jfchamb AT
OU WaTER Center
The University of Oklahoma
202 W. Boyd St., Rm 334
Norman, OK 73019-1024