| The growing impact of
civilian encroachment toward military installations is causing the military
interesting problems. The need to train versus the civilian communitiesí
desire for a peaceful existence is coming more into conflict. Between
1980 and 1996, research showed that urban growth at military installations
ranged from 15 % to 57 %, with the national average being 13.7 %.
This paper reveals that most active installations today are experiencing
regional rates of growth at five to ten times the national average accompanied
by an increase in noise complaints.
This document reviews
extensive literature in each topical area, including many research papers
and literature reviews carried out by the National Environmental Protection
Agency, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Joint Land Use Study Program,
and the Federal Aviation Administration. It was determined that the
amount of federal legislation calling for control, mitigation, and prevention
of noise exceeds other environmental issues. In addition, research showed
that local ordinances, not state laws, posed the greatest future challenge
to the military, because there are no national noise laws or regulations.
Efforts have been made
to present the military with critical findings and conclusions providing
a conclusion, criterion, or perspective concerned with encroachment and