Table of Contents

Statement of Problem
Literature Review
Projected Results

DoD Short Course Class 00-B


Barge K.J. (1994).  Leadership: Communication Skills for Organizations and Group. New York: St. Martin Press.

Becker, L. (1979).  Measurement of gratifications. Communication Research, 6, 54-73.

Blumler, J.  The role of theory in uses and gratifications studies. Communication Research, 6, 9-36.

Burgoon, J. & Hale J. (1983).  A research note of the dimensions of communication reticence.  Communication Quarterly, 31, 238-248. 

Cannon, D. K. (1984).  The Air Force public affairs program: A view from the commander.  Unpublished masters thesis, University of Oklahoma, Norman.  

Drake, B.H., & Moberg D.J., (1986).  Communicating influence attempts in dyads: Linguistic sedatives and palliatives. Academy of Management Review, 2, 567-584.

Fisher, B.A. & Ellis, D.G. (1990).  Small group decision making: Communication and the group process.  New York: McGraw Hill Publishing Co.

Garramone, G. (1984).  Audience motivation effects.  Communication Research, 11, 79-96.

Harris, T.E. & Sherblom J.C. (1999).  Small group and team communication. Needham Heights, Mass: Allyn & Bacon.

Infante, D.A., Rancer, A.S., Womack, D.F. (1997). Building communication theory. Illinois: Waveland Press, Inc.

Krone, K.J. (1991).  Effects of leader-member exchange on subordinates' upward influence attempts. Communication Research Reports, 8, 9-18.

Lowery, S. & De Fleur, M.  (1983).  Milestones in mass communication research: Media effects.  New York: Longman Publishers.

Levy, M. & Windahl, S. (1984).  Audience activity and gratifications.  Communication Research, 11, 51-78.

MacIntyre, P.D. & Thivierge, K.A. (1995).  The effects of audience pleasantness, audience familiarity, and speaking contexts on public speaking anxiety and willingness to speak.  Communication Quarterly, 43, 456-466. 

McCroskey, J. (1982).  Oral communication apprehension: A reconceptualization. In M. Burgoon (Ed.), Communication Yearbook 6 (pp. 136-170).  New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction Books.  

McCroskey, J. (1984). The communication apprehension perspective.  In J. Daly & J. McCroskey (Eds.), Avoiding Communication (pp. 13-38). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. 

Miller, M.D. (1987). The relationship of communication reticence and negative expectations. Communication Education, 35, 228-235. 

Nebecker, D.M. & Mitchell, T.R. (1974).  Leader behavior: an expectancy theory approach. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 11, (3) 355-367.

Rubin, A.  (1979).  Television use by children and adolescents.  Human Communication Research, 5, 109-120.

Rubin, A.  (1983).  Television uses and gratifications: The interactions of viewing patterns and motivations.  Journal of Broadcasting, 27, 37-51.

Rubin, A.  (1984).  Ritualized and instrumental television viewing.  Journal of Communication, 34, 67-77.

Rubin, A.  (1986).  Uses, gratifications, and media effects research.  In J. Bryant & D. Zillman, (Eds.), Perspectives on media effects (pp. 281-302).  Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers

Swanson, D. (1979).  The continuing evolution of the uses and gratifications approach.  Communication Research, 6, 3-7.