Appendix A

Content Analysis Code Sheet

Article Code: ___ ___ ___ / ___

Sample Article Period Code (circle one):  A  (March 1-3)  B  (March 23-25)  C  (April 9-11)

Sample Article Letter Code (circle one):  A  (United States)  B  (Europe)  C  (Middle East)

Sample Article Number Code (n of N in articles reviewed in respective categories):  ___/____

Publication name: _______________________________________________________________

Article headline:  _______________________________________________________________

Byline:  __________________________________  Article Date:  ________________________

Website:  _____________________________________________________________________

Coder name/date:  _____________________ Reviewer name/date:  ________________________________________________________________________

1.  What is the region of originating coverage?

A. United States           B. Europe                     C. Middle East

2.  If all U.S. and United Kingdom papers represent the coalition, what is the nature of the publication?

A. Coalition                  B. Non-coalition European       C. Non-coalition Middle Eastern

3.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree does the article advocate continued United Nations inspections for weapons of mass destruction (WMD)?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

4.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree does the article present the position of peace activists?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

5.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree does the article cover anti-war or anti-U.S. protests?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

6.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree do protestors speak in support of military forces even if they are against military action?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

7.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree does the articleís tenor present military action in Iraq as right?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

8.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree is the articleís frame in favor of retaining Saddam Husseinís regime?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

9.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree does the article convey the presence of WMD in Iraq (even if they have not been found)?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

10.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree is Saddam Hussein characterized as a threat to the security of the United States?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

11.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree is Saddam Hussein characterized as an oppressive dictator?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

12.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree is the coalition in Iraq portrayed as a liberating force?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

13.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree is the coalition action portrayed as beneficial to the Iraqi people?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

14.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree is U.S. activity in Iraq portrayed as a quest to control Iraqi oil

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

15.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree does the article mention illegal activity on the part of non-coalition nations, to include Iraqi citizens?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

16. On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree does the article mention non-coalition nation citizens, to include Iraqi citizens, supporting the U.S.-led coalition?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

17.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree does the article mention wounded Iraqi civilians?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

18.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree does the article mention illegal use of non-military facilities such as hospitals, mosques, schools, etc.?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

19.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree does the tenor of the article portray coalition forces as heroes

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure

20.  On a scale of 1 to 7, where 1 means very low and 7 means very high, to what degree does the article prime the reader to support military action in Iraq?

Very low          1          2          3          4          5          6          7          Very high          Canít measure