Home Abstract Introduction Literary Review
  Methods Results Discussion References


References, Appendices & Tables

Altman, I., & Taylor, D. A. (1973). Social penetration: The development of interpersonal relationships. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

Altman, I., Taylor, D. A., & Wheeler, L. (1973). Self-disclosure in isolated groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,  26(1), 39-47.

Berger, C. R. (n.d.). The story of uncertainty reduction theory. Retrieved April 29, 2003 from University of California, Davis Communication Department web site:  http://communication.ucdavis.edu/faculty/berger/urt.htm.

Berger, C. R. (n.d.). The story of uncertainty reduction theory. Retrieved April 29, 2003 from University of California, Davis, Communication Department Web site: http://communication.ucdavis.edu/faculty/berger/urt.htm

Blau, P. (1964). Exchange and power in social life. New York: Wiley.

Bormann, E.G.(1983). Symbolic convergence: Organizational communication and culture. In L. Putnam & M.E. Pacanowsky (Eds.), Communication and organizations: An interpretive approach. (pp.431-439). Beverley Hills, CA: Sage.

Bormann, E.G.(1985). Symbolic convergence theory: A communication formulation based on homo narrans. The Journal of Communication, 35(2), 128-139.

Brashers, D. E (2001). Communication and uncertainty management. Journal of Communication, 51, 477-498.

Cozby, P. C. (1972). Self-disclosure, reciprocity and liking. Sociometry, 35(1), 151-160.

Cummings, H. W., Long, L. W., & Lewis, M. L. (1987). Managing communication in organizations: An introduction (2nd ed.). Scottsdale, AZ: Gorsuch Scarisbrick.

Sanchez, D. (1999). Exchange in the digital domain. Journal of Applied Reaction Research, 69(2), 69-78.

Emmert, P., & Barker, L. L. (1989). Measurement of communication behavior. New York: Longman.

Heath, R. L. & Bryant, J. (2000). Human communication theory and research. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hensley, W. E. (1996). A theory of the valenced other: The intersection of the looking-glass-self and social penetration. Social Behavior and Personality, 24(3), 293-308.

Homans, G. C. (1958). Social behavior as exchange. American Journal of Sociology, 63(6), 597-606.

Kellermann, K. & Reynolds, R. (1990). When ignorance is bliss: The role of motivation to reduce uncertainty in uncertainty reduction theory. Human Communication Research, 17: 5-75.

Miller, K. (2002). Communication theories: Perspectives, processes, and contexts. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.

Mohrmann, G.P. (1982). An essay on fantasy: Theme criticism. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 68(2), 109-132.

Neuliep, J. W., & Grohskopf, E. L. (2000). Uncertainty reduction and communication satisfaction during initial interaction: An initial test and replication of a new axiom. Communication Reports, 13(2), 67-77.


Table 1
Mean attitude and feeling scores

Table 2
Total attitude and feeling scales

Table 3
Attitude and feeling scores based on the focus of the coverage


Appendix A

DOD Message (pdf)

Appendix B

Code book (doc)