If intercultural training is effective in the business context cited above, application in the military environment has relevance. In fact, due to the nature of U.S. military service in SWA, members are not required to become experts in a host nation culture. The majority of deployments are of relatively short duration, usually from 45 to 180 days (CENTCOM, 1998). Additionally, as a result of terrorist activity directed at military personnel in SWA, the majority of U.S. forces in the region are based in remote areas of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, with limited interaction with local nationals. But, as previously noted, servicemembers must make significant lifestyle adjustments to comply with the rules and norms of the host culture Therefore, a level of familiarization with the culture of the host nation that prepares the service member for significant lifestyle changes is the training objective recommended in this paper.

The effectiveness of a cultural training program can be measured by testing military personnel on their knowledge of cultural specific issues before and after they receive training. The uncertainty reduction theory argues that increased knowledge reduces stress and anxiety. The hypothesis presented in this study argues the test will show knowledge of the Kuwaiti and Saudi culture increases as a result of the training, thereby reducing stress and anxiety. Next

Introduction Background Theories Methods Conclusion References