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04-28-97

08-14-95




The University of Oklahoma recognizes its responsibility as an educational and public service institution to promote a productive and healthy environment. This responsibility demands implementation of programs and services to facilitate that effort.


PURPOSE
The university is committed to a program to prevent the abuse of alcohol and the illegal use of drugs and alcohol by its students and employees. The university program includes this policy, which prohibits illegal use of drugs and alcohol in the workplace, on university property, or as part of any university-sponsored activities.


POLICY
In order to meet these responsibilities, university policy:

Requires all students and employees to abide by the terms of this policy as a condition of an initial and continued enrollment mployment.

Recognizes that the illegal use of drugs and alcohol is in direct violation of local, state and federal laws as well as university policies set forth within this policy, the staff and faculty handbooks, and the Student Code of Responsibility and Conduct. University policy strictly prohibits the illegal use, possession, manufacture, dispensing, or distribution of alcohol, drugs or controlled substances in the workplace, on its premises, or as a part of any university-sponsored activities.

Considers a violation of this policy to be a major offense, which an result in requirement for satisfactory participation in a drug or alcohol rehabilitation program, referral for criminal prosecution, and/or immediate disciplinary action up to and including termination from employment and suspension or expulsion from the university. A criminal conviction is not required for sanctions to be imposed upon an employee or student for violations of this policy.

Recognizes that violations of applicable local, state and federal laws may subject a student or employee to a variety of legal sanctions including but not limited to fines, incarceration, imprisonment and/or community service requirements. Convictions become a part of an individual's criminal record and may prohibit certain career and professional opportunities. A current listing of applicable local, state and federal sanctions may be obtained through the offices of Student Affairs and Personnel Services.

Requires an employee to notify his or her supervisor in writing of a criminal conviction for drug or alcohol related offenses occurring in the workplace no later than five calendar days following the conviction.

Provides access to the university's Employee Assistance Program and Student Counseling Services for counseling and training programs that inform students and employees about the dangers of drug and alcohol abuse. Voluntary participation in or referral to these services is strictly confidential.

Forbids an employee from performing sensitive safety functions while a prohibited drugs is in his or her system.

Mandates drug testing of sensitive safety employees prior to employment, when there is reasonable cause, after an accident, on a random basis, and before returning to duty after refusing to take a drug test or after not passing a drug test. (Sensitive employees are defined in CFR Volume 32, Part 280 and CFR Volume 49 Part 653. This legislation is available fore review in Personnel Services).

Provides for annual distribution of this policy to all staff, faculty and students.

Health risks generally associated with alcohol and drug abuse can result in but are not limited to a lowered immune system, damage to critical nerve cells, physical dependency, lung damage, heart problems, liver disease, physical and mental depression, increased infection, irreversible memory loss, personality changes and thought disorders.

The university's Employee Assistance Programs and Student Counseling Services staff are responsible for informing students and employees about the dangers of drug and alcohol abuse and the availability of counseling and rehabilitation programs. The appropriate provost or executive officer is responsible for notifying federal funding agencies within 10 calendar days whenever an employee is convicted of a drug-related crime that occurred in the workplace.

This policy is based on the Drug Free Workplace Act of 1988 (P.L. 100-690, Title V, Subtitle D) and the Drug Free Schools and Communities Act Amendments of 1989 (P.L. 101-226) and is subject to the grievance procedure as stated in the staff and faculty handbooks and the university discipline system as outlined in the Student Code of Responsibilities and Conduct.


HEALTH RISKS
The use of alcohol and other drugs represents a serious threat to health and the quality of life. More than 25,000 people die each year from drug-related accidents or health problems. With most drugs, it is possible that users will develop psychological and physical dependence. The general categories of drugs and their effects are as follows:

Alcohol produces short-term effects that include behavioral changes, impairment of judgment and coordination, greater likelihood of aggressive acts, respiratory depression, irreversible physical and mental abnormalities in newborns (fetal alcohol syndrome) and death. Long-term effects of alcohol abuse include damage to the liver, heart and brain; ulcers; gastritis; malnutrition; delirium tremens; and cancer. Alcohol combined with barbiturates and other depressants can prove to be a deadly mixture.

Amphetamines/stimulants (speed, uppers, crank, caffeine, etc.) speed up the nervous system and can cause increased heart and breathing rates, higher blood pressure, decreased appetite, headaches, blurred vision, dizziness, sleeplessness, anxiety, hallucinations, paranoia, depression, convulsions and death due to a stroke or heart failure.

Anabolic steroids seriously affect the liver, cardiovascular and reproductive systems. Can cause sterility in males and females as well as impotency in males.

Barbiturates/depressants (downers, quaaludes, valium, etc.) slow down the central nervous system and can cause decreased heart and breathing rates, lowered blood pressure, slowed reactions, confusion, distortion of reality, convulsions, respiratory depression, coma and death. Depressants combined with alcohol can be lethal.

Cocaine/crack stimulates the central nervous system and is extremely addictive, both psychologically and physically. Effects include dilated pupils, increased heart rate, elevated blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite, hallucinations, paranoia, seizures and death due to cardiac arrest or respiratory failure.

Hallucinogens (PCP, angel dust, LSD, etc.) interrupt the functions of the part of the brain that controls the intellect and instincts. May result in self-inflicted injuries, impaired coordination, dulled senses, incoherent speech, depression, anxiety, violent behavior, paranoia, hallucinations, increased heart rate and blood pressure, convulsions, coma, and heart and lung failure.

Cannabis (marijuana, hashish, hash, etc.) impairs short-term memory comprehension, concentration, coordination and motivation. May also cause paranoia and psychosis. Marijuana smoke contains more cancer-causing agents than tobacco smoke. The way in which marijuana is smoked - deeply inhaled and held in the lungs for a long period - enhances the risk of getting cancer. Combined with alcohol, marijuana can produce a dangerous multiplied effect.

Narcotics (heroin, morphine, demerol, percodan, etc.) initially produce feelings of euphoria often followed by drowsiness, nausea and vomiting. An overdose may result in convulsions, coma and death. Tolerance develops rapidly and dependence is likely. Using contaminated syringes to inject such drugs may result in AIDS.

Tobacco/nicotine causes death among some 170,000 people in the United States each year due to smoking-related coronary heart disease. Some 30 percent of the 130,000 cancer deaths each year are linked to smoking. Lung, larynx, esophagus, bladder, pancreas and kidney cancers strike smokers at increased rates. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are 10 times more likely among smokers.



SERVICES AVAILABLE
TO THE CAMPUS COMMUNITIES

Each campus provides students, faculty and staff confidential sources of help when confronted with alcohol or drug-abuse issues. They offer assessment, intervention, referral and education. Call for more information or to make an appointment.

Norman CampusHealth Sciences CenterTulsa
Center
Student
Counseling
Service
325-2911271-2442838-4609
Employee
Assistance
Program
325-2911271-8495587-9471

The Employee Assistance Programs are also available for family members. Seeking help from or being referred to these services is confidential and will not alone result in disciplinary action. Individual privacy will be maintained in any counseling rehabilitation process.


REFERRAL AND HOTLINE INFORMATION

National Institution on Drug Abuse 1 -800-662-HELP
Information and Referral line
(M-F, 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m.)

National Alcohol & Drug Abuse Hotline 1-800-234-0420

National Drug Hotline 1-800-662-HELP

Cocaine Helpline 1-800-COCAINE

Reach-Out Hotline 1-800-522-9054
(Alcohol, drug-crisis, intervention, mental health referral)


REFERRAL SITES

NORMAN CAMPUSES & OKLAHOMA CITY:

Alcoholics Anonymous 329-1813 or 524-1100

Presbyterian Hospital/Chemical Dependency Center 271-4119

Valley Hope Treatment Center 1-800-544-4101

A Chance to Change Foundation 840-9000

Hillcrest Health Center 682-1300

Central Oklahoma Community Mental Health Center 360-5100

NAIC - Center for Oklahoma Alcohol and Drug Services, Inc. 321-0022

Counterpoint Center of CPC Southwind Hospital 691-5100

St. Anthony Recovery and Treatment 272-6835

University of Oklahoma Alcohol/Drug Treatment Program 271-5575


TULSA CAMPUS

Alcoholics Anonymous 627-2224

Alcohol and Drug Hotline 663-5900

Bristow Recovery Center 664-2907

Country View Inpatient Center (SJMC) 252-2541

Green Country Outpatient Center (SJMC) 665-7779

Children's Medical Center Drug and Alcohol
Abuse Treatment Center
438-KIDS

Hillcrest Adolescent Recovery Center 560-5712

Jane Phillips Episcopal-Memorial
Center - Chemical Dependency Center
1-333-5027

Laureate Psychiatric Clinic and Hospital 481-4000

Cedar Vale Chemical Dependency Center 749-4592

Tulsa Regional Medical Center
Behavioral Health Services
Inpatient 599-5880
Outpatient 494-5700

Saint John Medical Center 744-2066


CRIME AND PUNISHMENT:
ALCOHOL AND DRUG OFFENSES

Referenced offenses are those about which citizens may be unaware or have questions. The more common offenses, such as "public intoxication," "minor in possession" and "possession of controlled dangerous substance" have been omitted.

Misdemeanors (M) are punishable by imprisonment in county jail for not more than one year and/or a fine not exceeding $500 unless a different amount is specified for the offense. Felonies (F) are punishable by imprisonment in the state corrections system for up to two years and/or a fine not exceeding $1,000 unless a different amount is specified for the offense.

UNLAWFULLY SELLING/DELIVERING ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE (M)
Knowingly sell, deliver or furnish alcoholic beverages to any person under age 21.

UNLAWFUL POSSESSION OF (DRUG) PARAPHERNALIA (M/F)
Deliver/use/possession/manufacture of drug paraphernalia to plant, propagate, cultivate, grow, harvest, manufacture, compound, convert, produce, process, prepare, test, analyze, pack, repack, store, contain, conceal, inject, ingest, inhale or otherwise introduce into the human body a dangerous substance.

Delivery by a person age 18 or over to a person under 18 at least three years his junior is a felony. Otherwise, violation is a misdemeanor.


DRIVING WHILE IMPARIED/INTOXICATED (M/F)
Any person operating a motor vehicle shall be deemed to have given consent to a test for alcohol concentration and/or presence and concentration of any other intoxicating substance.

Any person may refuse a test, but refusal shall result in revocation of driving privileges for 180 days.

Test results showing an alcohol concentration of .10 or greater shall result in revocation of driving privileges for 90 days.

An alcohol concentration of more than .05 but less that .10 is relevant evidence that driving ability is impaired. An alcohol concentration of .10 or more is prima facie evidence that the person was under the influence of alcohol.

First offense is a misdemeanor. Second and subsequent offenses may be felonies and may result in suspension of driving privileges for six months.


UNLAWFUL USE OF (DRIVER) LICENSE (M)
Loan to or knowingly permitting the use of a driver license by another. Display/cause to be displayed/possession of a driver license that bears altered information.


UNLAWFUL USE OF (DRIVER) LICENSE (F)
Create/publish/manufacture Oklahoma or other state license, identification or facsimile thereof OR create/manufacture/possess device for the printing of an Oklahoma or other state license.

Display/cause to be displayed/possess any state counterfeit/fictitious license.

Display/cause to be displayed/possess any state license bearing the photograph of a person other than the one named thereon.

Display/represent as one's own any license not issued to him for the purpose of misleading a peace officer.

Conviction of a felony can render person ineligible for licensure/certification/employment in their career profession; examples are law, medicine, engineering, architecture, accounting, teaching, law enforcement/public safety and the military. It can also prevent acquisition of a security clearance necessary to many other jobs.



Also see: Alcohol Awareness Programs -A description of OU alcohol awareness programs provided by OUPD and other OU departments

If your organization, group, or department would like to participate in an awareness program or if you have questions please call the OUPD Crime Prevention Unit at 325-2864, or email to Crime Prevention at OUPD CRIME PREVENTION

We can work with you to create programs of specific interest.

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