Carl Albert Collection

1910-1998 (bulk: 1946-1998)
697 cubic feet

portrait of Carl Albert

Biographical Series Inventory
Campaign Series Inventory
Clippings Series Inventory *
Departmental Series Inventory
General Series Inventory
Legislative Series Inventory
Mail Series *
Map Inventory
McAlester Office Series Inventory
Miscellaneous Series Inventory
Office Series Inventory
Oversize Inventory
Post Office Series Inventory *
Projects Series Inventory
Speeches and Press Releases Series Inventory
Travel Series Inventory

*Use of Clippings, Mail, and Post Office Series requires advance notice due to storage at off-site facility.

From 1947-1977, Carl Albert (1908-2000) served as the representative of Oklahoma's Third District to the U.S. House of Representatives. During the last three terms, he was the Speaker of the House. Known as the "Little Giant from Little Dixie," Albert held more power than any other Oklahoman.

The Albert Collection is the largest held by the Carl Albert Center, and it contains a prodigious amount of material generated and received by Albert's congressional offices. It is mostly comprised of correspondence, and correspondents include constituents, prominent personalities, congressional colleagues, and Oklahoma state politicians. There is a small amount of letters to and from presidents.

The papers of the Carl Albert Collection reveal part of the long history of Congress; they house materials documenting Albert, his congressional colleagues, and the legislative debates of the late 1940s to mid-1970s. There is also information on the Capitol, events at the Capitol, and the administration of the House during the 1960s and 1970s. Other well documented topics include political campaigns, visits of VIPs to Oklahoma, agriculture, housing and urban development, the Korean War, the Office of Economic Opportunity, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Civil Rights Act, veterans affairs, and Native Americans. The collection also contains files on the major issues of Albert's years as Speaker, when the debates over Vietnam, busing, the economy, the energy crisis and policy, gun control, and Watergate were played out in the Oval Office and the chambers of Congress. Information on Sam Rayburn, Richard Nixon and Adam Clayton Powell can also be found in this collection.


Because of Carl Albert's representation of his district, the history of Oklahoma from the 1940s to the 1970s unfolds in his papers as well. In particular are documents that tell the story of various programs and projects--federal, state, and local-- that literally changed the face of the state: the highway system that paved thousands of miles of roads, the Arkansas River Navigation System that made Tulsa an inland port, dozens of reservoirs that created hundreds of square miles of lakes, soil conservation measures that halted devastating erosion, and economic development programs that encouraged small business growth.

 

Biographical Series

1910-1976, 8.2 cubic feet of clippings, correspondence, press releases, and short biographies prepared by Albert's office staff. The first three boxes focus on Albert's life. The remainder of the series contains biographical material on and correspondence with Albert's congressional colleagues, as well as Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon, during the 1960s and 1970s. This material is arranged alphabetically. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Campaign Series

1946-1976, 22 cubic feet of files (arranged chronologically) on Carl Albert's election campaigns, as well as the presidential campaigns of 1960-1976 (including material on the 1960 Kennedy-Nixon contest and the 1968 campaign trip of Edmund Muskie to Oklahoma). There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Clippings Series

1927-1976 (bulk dates 1947-1976), 9 cubic feet of files arranged alphabetically by topic. These files consist of clippings from national, state, and local newspapers as well as organization newsletters. Many examine the topic on a national level, although there are state and local implications mentioned. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Departmental Series

1946-1976, 142 cubic feet of communications between Albert's office, federal agencies, constituents, and Oklahoma state officials. Folders are arranged chronologically and then by federal agency. Topics include agriculture, the Korean and Vietnam Wars, the economy, water projects, and Native Americans. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

General Series

1946-1976, 96 cubic feet of correspondence, publications, clippings, and other documents, arranged chronologically and then by subject. Topics include national and Oklahoma politics, Albert's life and career, and water projects constructed in Oklahoma. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Invitations Series

1946-1976, 36.3 cubic feet of accepted and declined invitations.  There is an inventory in the repository.

Legislative Series

1934-1976 (bulk dates 1947-1976), 238.5 cubic feet of correspondence, bills, reports, and other documents on legislation and Carl Albert's leadership roles as majority whip, majority leader, and speaker of the House. Files are arranged by Congress and then by House committee. Topics include education, labor, civil rights, busing, gun control, the Vietnam War, revenue sharing, executive impoundment, school prayer, the energy crisis, Watergate, and the administration of the House. An important subseries are memos from John Barriere, executive director of the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Mail Series

1963-1976 (bulk dates 1973-1975) 41 cubic feet. This series consists entirely of incoming correspondence about legislative issues and current events. While some correspondence is from Oklahomans, most is from people in other states, and the majority was received while Albert was Speaker of the House. The first 22 cubic feet cover a wide range of issues, with abortion, busing, Congress, energy issues, gun control, the Vietnam War, and U.S. policy in Southeast Asia being the most common topics. The remaining 19 cubic feet compose a subseries of mail from 1973 and 1974 concerning the Watergate scandal and impeachment of Richard Nixon. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Maps

191 maps; 1945-1976. The primary focus of these maps is on water projects in southeastern Oklahoma. There are also a number of blueprints/drawings of various buildings on Capitol Hill from the Architect of the U.S. Capitol. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

McAlester Office Series

1938-1998 (bulk dates 1977-1995), 21.5 cubic feet. These files are primarily from Albert's life after he left the House of Representatives. Materials are arranged alphabetically. Topics also included in this series are the House Office Building Commission as well as the impeachment and pardon of Richard M. Nixon. In addition, there are several folders concerning the Spanish course in which Mr. Albert enrolled. There are many folders concerned with Albert's autobiography, Little Giant. There is a box and folder title inventory to this series available on this web site.

Miscellaneous Series

1945-1976, 5 cubic feet of files not fitting into the other series. An assortment of topics are covered, but there is more than a cubic foot on Magna Carta ceremonies held in the U. S. Capitol in 1976. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Office Series

1962-1977, 12 cubic feet of files on appointments, scheduling, telephone logs, meetings, office staff, and interns. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Oversize Series

1946-1976, 13 cubic feet of files, plus several scrapbooks. These files consist primarily of newspapers arranged by series from which they were removed. There is also several pieces of memorabilia. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Post Office Series

1946-1976, 6 cubic feet of correspondence on a variety of topics relating to local post offices and general postal service concerns. These files are arranged alphabetically by topic and town. General topics include postal rates, postmaster appointments, the new United State Postal Service in 1971, commemorative stamps, and obscene mailings. Local post office topics include postal delivery service including rural and star routes, postmaster appointments, new post office buildings, and post office closings or consolidations. Much of the correspondence includes responses from Regional Directors and The Postmasters General during Albert's term in office. Assistant Charles Ward was a key correspondent from the Speaker's office. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Projects Series

1956-1975, 14.75 cubic feet of materials concerning federally funded programs and projects in Oklahoma. These include airport, building, and dam construction projects, as well as economic development programs. Arrangement is alphabetical. A voluminous amount of material exists on Arkansas River projects. There is a box and folder title inventory to this series available on this web site.

Speeches and Press Releases Series

1927-1976 (bulk dates 1947-1976), 24 cubic feet of Albert's speeches, press releases, statements, and broadcast transcriptions. They are arranged by year. Some speeches and press releases of Albert's colleagues are also included. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Travel Series

1948-1976 (bulk dates 1963-1976), 7.75 cubic feet. Files exist on Albert's trips to Oklahoma and throughout the United States, and these are arranged chronologically. Filed in a separate chronological order are materials on international travel, including trips to South Korea, China, and countries in Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East. There is a box and folder level inventory to this series available on this web site.

Inventories to this collection vary from folder-title to others which detail folder contents. The Albert Collection is enhanced by the Carl Albert Photograph Collection. For more information on the archival holdings, please contact the Carl Albert Center.

See also the biography of Carl Albert.


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