We Know We Belong to the Land - A Hundred Years of Oklahoma and the Congress
War and American Ascendance (part 2)

Valentine card reading "I hope they don't put a rationing on my love for you, dear valentine."(Cards Courtesy of Heather Schwartz)

The high point of Oklahoma committee chairmanships ended during the war. At-large Representative Will Rogers failed in 1941 to win election in the Seventh District. In 1942 veteran Congressman Wilburn Cartwright lost to State Senator Paul Stewart, in part due to anti-New Deal feeling. Only Elmer Thomas remained chairman of the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs. Seniority in the delegation also declined. At the opening of the Seventy-Ninth Congress in January 1945, only Thomas and Jed Johnson in the House had served more than a decade.

The U.S. emerged from World War II as the world's leading military and economic power. Congress modernized its own operations not only to meet the challenges of the postwar world but also to reassert its own powers following the long period of presidential primacy epitomized by FDR. For his co-sponsorship of the 1946 Legislative Reorganization Act, A. S. “Mike” Monroney of the Fifth District won Collier's Outstanding Legislator Award.

Greeting card reading "Season's Greetings - Lets Stamp Out the Dictators!"
Left: Researchers from Conoco assisted in the development of high-performance, high-altitude fuel for Allied planes.  In fact, Conoco operated a separate refinery in Ponca City to produce government orders for 100-octane aviation fuel.  This photo shows workers outside a Conoco building in Ponca City. (Courtesy ConocoPhillips Archives)
Workers outside a factory building at the Conoco plant in Ponca City.  The side of the building advertises war savings bonds and stamps.
Robert S. Kerr

Audio Clip: Robert S. Kerr
Robert S. Kerr served in the Senate from 1948 until his death in 1963, and gained so much power and influence that he was referred to as the "uncrowned king of the Senate." Here is his speech about the Allies' victory over Germany in World War II on Victory Europe Day. Next is the speech he gave following the defeat of the Japanese in the Pacific theater on Victory Japan Day.

V-E Day Announcement on KTOK Radio, May 8, 1945 (Running time: 1:53)
V-J Day Announcement on KTOK Radio, August 15, 1945 (Running time: 2:25)

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