Biographical Sketch of the Creator of the Collection
Born in Granbury, Texas, on February 28, 1899, Toby Morris moved with his family to Walters, Oklahoma, at a young age. He left high school in 1917 to join the Army. After his discharge in 1919, Morris studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1920 at the age of 21. Four years later he became the prosecuting attorney for Cotton County. He also was involved in private practice and was a district judge. After two unsuccessful attempts, Morris defeated incumbent and fellow Democrat Jed Johnson in 1946 and was reelected in 1948 and 1950. Due to a declining population, the Seventh District was combined with the Sixth District in the 1952 election. In 1952, Morris became embroiled in a rivalry that would dominate the rest of his career in national politics. For the next five elections, Morris or Victor Wickersham (the Seventh District Democratic incumbent) won the Sixth District seat. Morris was successful in 1956 and 1958. While in office, he served on the following committees: House Administration, Democratic Steering Committee, Public Lands, and Armed Services.
In 1960, Morris again lost the nomination to Wickersham and never returned to national politics. He lived out his life as a judge, dying on September 1, 1973, in Lawton, Oklahoma.
Scope and Content of the Collection
The Morris Collection is quite complete with all five of the terms well represented. Morris gave this collection to the University of Oklahoma over a period of years beginning in 1952. Consisting of 53 cubic feet of material, the collection covers the period 1946-1960. It is strongest on subjects of a local concern to western Oklahoma. Among the items found in the collection are correspondence, bills, publications, clippings, and photographs.
Major series include:
This series has 24 cubic feet of material arranged by Congress. Within each Congress, there is an alphabetical arrangement. Materials include bills, correspondence, clippings, and related material. Legislative topics include universal military training and selective service, the Taft-Hartley Act and other labor bills, education, social security and old age pensions, government reorganization, socialized medicine, government employees, veterans, taxation, Puerto Rico, and public works. An inventory to this series is available.
This series includes 12 cubic feet of material arranged initially by federal agency, then by year, and finally by subject or subagency. Among the materials are personal notes, press releases, pamphlets, clippings, and correspondence from colleagues and constituents. Numerous topics are covered, but those for which there is a substantial amount of material include agriculture, rural electrification, military bases in Oklahoma (primarily Altus and Clinton-Sherman Air Force bases and Fort Sill), and Indian affairs. An inventory to this series is available.
This series contains 7 cubic feet of material. Included in the series are folders on water projects; post office files; speeches and speech materials; campaign files; newsletters and news releases; invitations; and case files. Over 2 cubic feet of material are water projects files, which primarily are concerned with Oklahoma. An inventory to this series is available.
This series includes 10 cubic feet of material, half of which is an alphabetical arrangement of correspondence, primarily from constituents. Also in this series is information on appointments, office correspondence, colleague correspondence, Oklahoma state agencies, the Fort Reno Reservation, Fort Sill expansion, and the city of Lawton. An inventory to this series is available.
For more information on the archival holdings, please contact the Carl Albert Center.