Skip Navigation


Skip Side Navigation

APA Style

Manuscript Format

Use a 1 inch margin on the left, right, top, and bottom. Indent each paragraph with 5-7 spaces (1 tab) and double space throughout the entire manuscript. Use a serif font for text and a sans serif font for figure labels. Do not justify the right margin. Do not break (hyphenate) words at the end of the line. Type a horizontal ruler in each table. Number all pages consecutively and identify each page, starting with the title page, with a shortened version of the title as well as a page number in the upper right-hand corner 1/2 inch from the top of the page.

Put the abstract, if there is one, on a page by itself immediately after the title page, with the heading "Abstract" centered at the top of the page. Below the abstract, include a list of key words. Run into your text all quotations of fewer than 40 words and enclose them with quotation marks. For quotes of more than 40 words, set them off from the text by indenting all lines 5 spaces from the left margin, double space above and below, and double space the quote itself; omit the quotation marks.

Do not label the introduction with a heading. For other main sections of the paper, such as "Method" and "Results," center the heading, use capital and small letters, bold the text, do not underline them, and double space above and below them. If you use another level of heading below the main level, indent the text, use capital and small letters, and bold the heading. If you use a third level of heading, this heading will also be bolded and indented, but it will also be italicized. The fourth level will not be bolded, but will be indented, use capital and small letters, and be italicized.