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Intercultural/International Communication

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Intercultural/International Communication

Intercultural Communication

This area of study focuses on the communication processes that occur when individuals of differing cultural backgrounds (including ethnic and racial) come into direct contact with one another. Research in this area addresses communication-related issues pertaining to a variety of social contexts, from interpersonal and small group contexts to those of multicultural organizations and local communities. Also integral to this area are "cultural communication" studies examining unique communication practices within a specific culture, as well as "cross-cultural communication" studies comparing communication patterns in two or more cultures.

International Communication

This area focuses on the critical examination of media and culture in international contexts. Using different methodological approaches that include ethnography, phenomenology and hermeneutics, textual/discourse/critical analysis, and quantitative methods, it explores how cultural understandings intersect with media processes, products, and audiences. This research sheds light on how media and cultures shape social fabrics, from local specificities to globalized networks. It explores culture and media processes as contested zones traversed by ethnic, class, and gender struggles for social change.

Courses in Intercultural and International Communication

Comm 5243 Cross-Cultural Communication
Comm 6323 International Communication
Comm 6413 Interethnic Communication
Comm 6433 Seminar in Intercultural Communication
Comm 6023 Communication Research Task Groups
Comm 6960 Directed Readings

Current Faculty with Research and/or Teaching Interest

Recent Dissertations in Intercultural and International Communication

Liu, Yang (Vivian). (2017). What does it mean to be Chinese?: American sojourners’ experiences of being the other in China.

Van Gilder, B. (2016). (De)centering heteronormativity in the U.S. military: Identity (re)negotiation and cultural change following the repeal of “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell.”

Mosley, S. (2015). Transversing our borders: Decolonizing Communication theory.


Recent Representative Faculty and Graduate Students Publications in Intercultural and International Communication


Hsieh, E., & Kramer, E. M. (2021). Rethinking culture in health communication: Social interactions as intercultural encounters. Wiley.


Chang, D. F., Hsieh, E., Somerville, W. B., Diamond, J., Thomas, M., Nicasio, A., Boiler, M., & Lewis-Fernández, R. (in press). Rethinking interpreter functions in mental health services. Psychiatric Services.

Cionea, I. A., Van Gilder, B., Hoelscher, C. S., & Anagondahalli, D. (2019). A cross-cultural comparison of expectations in romantic relationships: India and the United States. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 12, 289-307. doi:10.1080/17513057.2018.1542019

Cionea, I. A. (2017). Interpersonal argumentation across cultures. In Y. Y. Kim (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Intercultural Communication (pp. 1-12). Malden, MA: Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781118783665.ieicc0249

Cionea, I. A., Van Gilder, B., & Bruscella, J. S. (2017). Modeling serial argument goal, tactics, and their effects on arguers’ satisfaction in the case of three ethnic groups in the United States. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 46, 74-95. doi:10.1080/17475759.2016.1254669

Cionea, I. A., Hoelscher, C. S., & Ileş, I. A. (2017). Arguing goals: An initial assessment of a new measurement instrument. Communication Reports, 30, 51-65. doi:10.1080/08934215.2016.1184695

Croucher, S. M. & Kramer, E. M. (2017). Cultural fusion theory: An alternative to acculturation. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication. 10(2), 97-114.

Guo, Y., & Cionea, I. A. (2017). “Do it this way, not that way:” An exploration of Chinese workplace conflicts. International Journal of Conflict Management, 28(2), 202-221. doi:10.1108/IJCMA-10-2015-0073

Hogan, M., Frey, L., Kim, Y., and Clements, K. (2018).  A journey within the theory-practice nexus of conflict management: Contributions of IACM Rubin Award recipient Benjamin Broome, Negotiation and Conflict Management Research, 11, 160-182. doi:10.1111/ncmr.12116

Hsieh, E. K., Kramer, E. M. (2019). Work as Health: Tensions in imposing work requirements to Medicaid recipients in the U.S. Community-based Health Interventions in an Institutional Context. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. (Published)

Hsieh, E. (in press). Intercultural health communication: Rethinking culture in health communication. In T. L. Thompson & N. G. Harrington (Eds.), Routledge handbook of health communication (3rd ed.). Routledge.

Hsieh, E. (forthcoming). The politics of translation and interpretation in international communication. In J. Nussbaum (Ed.), Oxford research encyclopedia of communication. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228613.013.701

Hsieh, E., & Kramer, E. M. (2021). Rethinking culture in health communication: Social interactions as intercultural encounters. Wiley.

Hsieh, E. & Kramer, E. M. (2019). Work as halth: Tensions in imposing work requirements to Medicaid recipients in the U.S. In S. Arxer & J. W. Murphy (Eds.), Community-based health interventions in an institutional context (pp.139-157). Springer.

Hsieh, E. (2018). Reconceptualizing language discordance: Meanings and experiences of language barriers in the

U.S. and Taiwan. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 20, 1-4.

Hsieh, E. (2017). Cross-cultural care: When providers and patients do not share the same language. In B. F. Sharf, J. Yamasaki, & P. Geist-Martin (Eds.), Storied health and illness: Personal, cultural & political complexities (2nd ed.; pp. 69-71). Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.

Hsieh, E. (2017). The Model of Bilingual Health Communication: Theorizing interpreter-mediated medical encounters. In E. A. Jacobs & L. C. Diamond (Eds.), Providing health care in the context of language barriers: International perspectives (pp. 35-55). Multilingual Matters.

Hu, J. & Hsieh, E. (2018). Supportive relationships: Caring for our loved ones in cultural contexts. In A. du Pré & E. B. Ray &  (Eds.), Real-life scenarios: A case study perspective on health communication (pp.79-84). Oxford University Press.

Johnson, A. J., Lee, S. K., Cionea, I. A., & Massey, Z. B. (2018). The benefits and challenges of new media for intercultural conflict. In N. Bilge & M. I. Marino (Eds.), Reconceptualizing new media and intercultural communication in a networked society (pp. 171-197). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

Kim, Y. (2020). Intercultural communication: Taking stock of the domain. In A. Atay & A. Gonzales (Eds.), Connections and inclusions: Intercultural communication in communication studies scholarship. Routledge.

Kim, Y. (2019). Integrative communication theory of cross-cultural adaptation. In C. Liberman, A. Rancer, & T. Avtgis (Eds.), Casing communication theory (pp. 105-116). Kendall Hunt.

Kim, Y. (Ed.). (2018). The International encyclopedia of intercultural communication (3 Volumes, 1st ed.). Published in partnership with the International Communication Association. Wiley doi:10.1002/9781118783665 (online version).

Kim, Y. (2018). Intercultural communication: Taking stock of the domain. Communication Studies69(4), 341-349. doi:10.1080/10510974.2018.1472121

Kim, Y. (2018). Contextual theory of interethnic communication. In Y. Y. Kim (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of intercultural communication (Vol. 1, pp. 318-328). Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781118783665.ieicc0010

Kim, Y. (2018). Identity and intercultural communication. In Y. Y. Kim (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of intercultural communication (Vol. 2, pp. 861-869). Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781118783665.ieicc0002

Kim, Y. (2018). Ideology and interethnic communication in the United States. In Y. Y. Kim (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of intercultural communication (Vol. 2, pp. 897-906). Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781118783665.ieicc0040

Kim, Y. (2018). Synchrony in intercultural communication. In Y. Y. Kim (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of intercultural communication (Vol. 3, pp. 1878-1887). Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781118783665.ieicc0072

Kim, Y. (2018). Editor's introduction: Mapping the domain of intercultural communication. In Y. Y. Kim (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of intercultural Communication (Vol. 1, pp. xxxviii-xlvii). Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781118783665.ieicc0999

Kim, Y. (2017). Cross-cultural adaptation. In J. Nussbaum (Ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication.  Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228613.013.21

Kim, Y. (2017). Contextual theory of interethnic communication. In J. Nussbaum (Ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228613.013.493

Kramer, E. M. (2019). Cultural Fusion Theory. In E. Kramer (Ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication: International/Global Communication. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190228613.013.679 (22,000 words).

Kramer, E. M. (2019). The West and the western. Ink & Letters, 8, 14-19.

Kramer, E. M. (2019). Cultural fusion theory. In J. F. Nussbaum (Ed.), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication.

Kramer, E. M. (2019).  Cultural fusion: An alternative to assimilation. In S. Croucher, J. Caetano & E. Campbell (Eds.), The Routledge companion to migration, communication and politics (pp. 96-120). Routledge.

Kramer, E. M. & Hsieh, E. (2019). Gaze as embodied ethics: Homelessness, the other, and humanity. In M. J. Dutta, & D. B. Zapata (Eds.), Communicating for social change: Meaning, power, and resistance (pp. 33-62). Palgra

Kramer, E. M. & Hsieh, E. (2018). Gaze as embodied ethics: Homelessness, the Other, and humanity. In Dutta, M. and Zapata, D. (Eds.), Communicating for social change: Intersection of theory and praxis (p.33-62). Singapore: Palgrave-MacMillan.

Kramer, E. M. (2018). Cultural fusion theory. In S. Croucher and J. Caetano (Eds), The Routledge companion to migration, communication, and politics. (pp. 96-120). London: Routledge.

Kramer, E. M. (2017). Cassirer as revolutionary Cassirer as revolutionary: Semiotics as embodied worldview: Appreciating the Other in ourselves (Special Issue: Ernst Cassirer on Communicology and Cultural Semiotics, ed. Richard L. Lanigan), The American Journal of Semiotics 33.3/4, 1-100.

Lee, S. (2017). Refining a theory of cross-cultural adaptation: An exploration of a new methodological approach to institutional completeness. Asian Journal of Communication28(3), 315-334.

Lee, S., & Flores, M. L. (2019). Immigrant workers’ organizational temporality: Association with cultural time orientation, acculturation, and mobile technology use. Management Communication Quarterly, 33(2), 189-218.

Liu, Y., & Kramer, E. (in press). Cultural value discrepancies, strategic positioning and integrated identity: American migrants’ experiences of being the Other in mainland China. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication.

Liu, Y., & Kramer, E. (2018). Conceptualizing the Other in intercultural encounters: Review, formulation, and typology of the Other-identity. Howard Journal of Communications.

Liu, M., Zhu, L., & Cionea, I. A. (2019). What makes some intercultural negotiations more difficult than others? Power distance and culture-role combinations. Communication Research46, 555-574. doi:10.1177/0093650216631096

Montgomery, G., & Zhang, Y. B. (2018). Intergroup anxiety and willingness to accommodate: Exploring the effects of accent stereotyping and social attraction. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 37, 330-349. doi:10.1177/0261927X17728361

Olufowote, J. O., Adebayo, C. T., Livingston, D. J., & Wilson, K. K. (in press). An alternative entry point into health communication research: Introspections on learning, applying, and future uses of PEN-3. In C. O. Airhihenbuwa & J. Iwelunmor (Eds.), Health, culture, and place: From the tree to the forest.

Olufowote, J. O. (2021). Taking culture and context seriously: Advancing health communication research on HIV/AIDS prevention in Tanzania with the PEN-3 cultural model. Howard Journal of Communications, 32(4), 394-412.

Olufowote, J. O., & Livingston, D. J. (2021). The excluded voices from Africa’s Sahel: Alternative meanings of health in narratives of resistance to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative in northern Nigeria. Health Communication. Advance online publication.

Olufowote, J. O. & *Aranda, J. (2018). The PEN-3 cultural model: A critical review of health communication for Africans and African immigrants. In R. Ahmed & Y. Mao (Eds.), Culture, migration, and health communication in a global context (pp. 176-190). New York: Routledge.

Olufowote, J. O. (in press). Barriers and enablers of health in the socio-cultural context: A PEN-3 assessment of HIV/AIDS prevention in Tanzania. Global Health Communication.

Olufowote, J. O. (2017). An institutional field of people living with HIV/AIDS organizations in Tanzania: Agency, culture, dialogue, and structure. Frontiers in Communication [Health Communication section]2, doi:10.3389/fcomm.2017.00001

Terui, S. & Hsieh, E. (2020). Managing communicative challenges and interactional dilemma: Native speakers’ responses to non-native speakers’ non/misunderstanding. Discourse Processes, 57, 48-65.

Velasquez, A., & Montgomery, G. (2020). Social media expression as a collective strategy: How perceptions of discrimination and groups status shape US Latinos’ online discussions of immigration. Social Media + Society.

Velasquez, A., Montgomery, G., & Hall, J. A. (2019). Ethnic minorities’ social media political use: How ingroup identification, selective exposure, and collective efficacy shape social media political expression. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 24, 147-164. doi:10.1093/jcmc/zmz007

Recent Funding in Intercultural and International Communication

Elena Bessarabova: Research Collaboration Partner, Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics, research consortium at Jyväskylä University; interdisciplinary project “#Agents-Young People’s Agency in Social Media” funded by Academy of Finland (Vilma Luoma-aho, JSBE PI, 2019-2022) – €1,000,000 -- cross-cultural comparison of young people's media use.

Elaine Hsieh; Quality of Care for Interpreter-Mediated Medical Encounters in Taiwan. 2015-2016 Core Fulbright U. S. Scholar; Arts, Education, Humanities, Professional Fields and Social Sciences-- Research (Award #5130), Taiwan. Sponsored by the United States Department of State Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.