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Brett Carpenter

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Brett M. Carpenter

Brett Carpenter

Assistant Professor

Ph.D., 2012, Geosciences, Pennsylvania State University
M.S., 2007, Geosciences, Pennsylvania State University
B.S. ed., 2005, Earth & Space Science, Physics, Mansfield University of Pennsylvania

Office: SEC 826

Areas of Interest

Structural Geology, Experimental Rock Mechanics, Induced Seismicity, Remote Sensing, Scientific Drilling


My research interests focus on how fault structure and small-scale processes affect large scale fault and crustal behavior. I am particularly interested in the behavior of earth materials at shallow to central crustal conditions, where destructive earthquakes originate and propagate. This research has applications to natural hazards forecast and preparation, energy development, and carbon sequestration. My primary research method is combining structural observations from outcrops and boreholes with laboratory experiments to determine the mechanical, hydrologic, and acoustic properties of different Earth materials, many of them collected from faults worldwide.

Curriculum Vitae

Courses Taught

GEOL 1114: Introduction to Physical Geology for Science and Engineering Majors
GEOL 1104/1114: Introduction to Physical Geology – Field Intensive
GEOL 3114: Structural Geology
GEOL/GPHY 5970: Fractures, Faults and Earthquakes
GEOL 5970: Structural Geology Seminar

GEOL 3123: Introductory Field  Geology (co-instructor)
GEOL 4136: Field Geology (co-instructor)
GPHY 5970: Selected Geophysical Research Topics (co-instructor)
GEOL 6970: Topics in Geosciences (co-instructor)

Selected Publications

Google Scholar

*Kolawole, F., C. Johnston, J.C. Chang, K. Marfurt, D.A. Lockner, Z. Reches, and B.M. Carpenter (accepted), The susceptibility of Oklahoma’s basement to seismic reactivation, Nat. Geosci.

Collettini, C., T. Tesei, M.M. Scuderi, B.M. Carpenter, and C. Viti (2019), Beyond Byerlee friction; Weak faults and implications for slip behavior, Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett., 519, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2019.05.011.

Qin, Y., X. Chen, B.M. Carpenter, and F. Kolawole (2018), Coulomb stress transfer influences fault reactivation in areas of wastewater injection, Geophys Res. Lett., 45, doi:10.1029/2018GL079713.

Kaneko, Y., B.M. Carpenter, and S. Nielsen (2017), Nucleation process of magnitude-2 repeating earthquakes on the San Andreas fault predicted by rate-and-state fault models with SAFOD drill-core data, Geophys Res. Lett., 44, doi:10.1002/2016GL071569.

Carpenter, B.M., M.J. Ikari, and C. Marone (2016), Laboratory observations of time-dependent frictional strengthening and stress relaxation in natural and synthetic fault gouges, J. Geophys. Res., 121, doi:10.1002/2015JB012136.