Many geologists use the rocks themselves to investigate the processes that shape the Earth and analyze Earth history and the distribution of raw materials. Others use experiments to simulate processes that occur in nature. Geophysicists explore some of the same problems by application of physical, numerical, and computer technology to the study of Earth’s interior and for the exploration of natural resources. If you've ever wondered how volcanoes or earthquakes happen, how Tyrannosaurus Rex became extinct, how mountains form, how oil and gas form and how to find and produce it, or how climate changes over time, ask a geologist or a geophysicist.
Geologists and geophysicists commonly conduct their research in field-based projects and so travel to places all over the globe. However, that is only the beginning, as many research projects require very sophisticated lab analyses or high levels of computation, requiring the use of electron microscopes, mass spectrometers, and supercomputers, among other tools. The best attribute of being a geologist or geophysicist is that your job is always changing and evolving—it is rarely boring!