The Wild Card
Effect and Military Retention:
Angle, H. L., & Lawson, M. B. (1993). Changes in affective and continuance commitment in times of relocation. Journal of Business Research, 26, 3-15.
Aranya, N., & Jacobson, D. (1975). An empirical study of theories of organizational and occupational commitment. Journal of Social Psychology, 97, 15-22.
Barnard, C. (1938). Functions of the executive. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Bateman, T. S., & Strasser, S. (1984). A longitudinal analysis of the antecedents of organizational commitmement. Academy of Management Journal, 27, 95-112
Becker, H. S. (1960). Notes on the concept of commitment. American Journal of Sociology, 66, 32-40.
Bennis, W. G., Berkowitz, N., Affinito, M., & Molone, M. (1958). Reference groups and loyalties in the out-patient department. Administrative Science Quarterly, 2, 481-500.
Berger, P. K., & Grimes, A. J. (1973). Cosmopolitan-local: a factor analysis of the construct. Administrative Science Quarterly, 18, 223-235.
Brown, M. E. (1969). Identification and some conditions of organizational involvement. Administrative Science Quarterly, 15, 346-355.
Defense Manpower Data Center, (1999). 1999 Active Duty Military Personnel Survey. Washington, D.C.
Eisenberger, R., Fasolo, P., & Davis-LaMastro, V. (1990). Perceived organizational support and employee diligence, commitment, and innovation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 75, 51-59.
Fayol, H. (1949) General and industrial management. (C. Storrs, Trans.). New York, NY: Pitman.
Festinger, L., Schachter, S., & Back, K. (1950). Social pressures in informal groups. New York: Harper and Brothers.
Festinger, L., Back, K., Schachter, S., Kelly, H.H., & Thibaut, J., (1952). Theory and experiment in social communication. Report of studies under the Office of Naval Research contract, October 1950. Ann Arbor: Research Center for Dynamics, Institute for Social Research.
Finegan, J. E. (2000). The impact of person and organizational values on organizational commitment. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 73, 149-170.
Flango, V. E., & Brumbaugh, R. B. (1974). The dimensionality of the cosmopolitan-local construct. Administrative Science Quarterly, 19, 198-210.
Fox, J.B. & Scot, J.F., (1943). Absenteeism: management's problem. Business Research Studies, 29, 1-28.
Garamone, J., (2000, August 1). Operations tempo remains retention challenge. Defense Link [Online]. Available: http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Aug1999/n08171999_9908173.html. [2000, August 1].
Glaser, B. G. (1963) The local-cosmopolitan scientist. American Journal of Sociology, 69, 249-259.
Gouldner, A. W. (1957). Cosmopolitans and locals: toward an analysis of latent social roles - I. Administrative Science Quarterly, 2, 281-306.
Katz, D., (1964). The motivational basis of organizational behavior. Behavioral Science, 9, 131-146.
Kidron, A. (1978). Work values and organizational commitment. Academy of Management Journal, 21, 239-247.
Larwood, L., Wright, T. A., Desrochers, S., & Dahir, V. (1998). Extending latent role and psychological contract theories to predict intent to turnover and politics in business organizations. Group & Organization Management, 23, 100-123.
Lee, T. W., Ashford, S. J., Walsh, J. P., & Mowday, R. T. (1992). Commitment propensity, organizational commitment, and voluntary turnover: a longitudinal study of organizational entry processes. Journal of Management, 18, 15-26.
Likert, R. (1961). New patterns of management. New York; McGraw-Hill.
March, J. G., & Simon, H. A. (1958). Organizations. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Mayo, E. (1924). Revery and industrial fatigue. Journal of Personnel Research, 3, 273-281.
Mayo, E. & Lombard, G.F.F., (1944). Teamwork and labor turnover in the aircraft industry of Southern California. Business Research Studies, 32, 1-30.
Merton, R. K. (1957) Social Theory and Social Structure. Glencoe: Free Press.
Meyer, J.P., & Allen, N.J. (1991). A three-componenet conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1, 61-98.
Miller, G. A. & Wager, L. W. (1971). Adult socialization, organizational structure, and role orientations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 16, 151-163.
Mowday, R.T., Porter, L.W., & Speers, R.M., (1982). Employee-organizational linkages. New York, NY: Academic Press.
Pierce, J. L., & Dunham, R. B. (1987). Organizational commitment: pre-employment propensity and initial work experiences. Journal of Management, 13, 163-178.
Porter, L. W., Steers, R. M., Mowday, R. T., & Boulian, P. (1974). Organizational commitment, job satisfaction and turnover among psychiatric technicians. Journal of Applied Psychology, 59, 603-609.
Ritzer, G., & Trice, H. (1969). An empirical study of Howard Beckerís side-bet theory. Social Forces, 47, 475-479.
Roethlisberger, F. J., & Dickson, W. J. (1943). Management and the worker. (6th ed.). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Sheldon, M.E., (1971). Investments and involvements as mechanisms producing commitment to the organization. Administrative Science Quarterly, 16, 143-150.
Steers, R. M. (1977). Antecedents and outcomes of organizational commitment. Administrative Science Quarterly, 27, 46-56.
Tonnies, F. (1940). Fundamental concepts of sociology (Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft). (C.P. Loomis, Trans.). New York: American Book Company. (Original work published 1887).
Weber, M. (1947) The Theory of Social and Economic Organizations. (A. M. Henderson & T. Parsons, Trans.). New York: Free Press.
Wiener, Y. (1982). Commitment in organizations: a normative view. Academy of Management review, 7, 418-428
Wiese, L., & Becker, H. (1932). Systematic sociology. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Williams, L. J., and Hazer, J. T. (1986). Antecedents and consequences of satisfaction and commitment in turnover models: a reanalysis using latent variable structural equation methods. Journal of Applied Psychology 71, 219-231.
Zimmerman, C. (1938). The changing community. New York: Harper & Brothers.
DoD Short Course in